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" ' Instructor 

MAY 1965 




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of Trvith 
in Modern 

hy President David 0. McKay 

THE Gospel and spiritual things should ever be 
uppermost in the minds of members of the 
Church. If we would devote more time to the real 
things in Ufe and less time to those things that will 
perish, if we would resist the various temptations 
that are in our midst and adopt the teachings of the 
Gospel in our lives, we should really become a Light 
upon a hill, a Light that could not be hid. 

If we would devote more study to modern revela- 
tions as contained in the Doctrine and Covenants, 
we would grow in appreciation of the magnitude of 
the great work that has been established in this dis- 
pensation. It is often said that the Church is the 
greatest thing in the world. It is — but the more we 
give attention to it and realize how well adapted it 
is to our individual life, to our home life, to our so- 
cial life; when we study it from the standpoint of 
our environment, from the standpoint of scientific 
discoveries, our hearts are made to rejoice because 
of God's goodness to us in giving us the privilege of 
knowing the Gospel of Jesus Christ. 

Revelation Replete with Admonitions 

Nearly every passage in the Doctrine and Cove- 
nants is replete with admonitions, and is full of in- 
spiration and wonderful revelations to men. 

(For Course 9, lesson of August 1, "A Leader Is against Evil"; 
for Course 13, lesson of August 22, "Practical Religion"; for Course 
17, lesson of July 11, "Overcoming Sin"; for Course 25, lesson of 
August 1, "Healthful Living." For general support to Family Home 
Evening lessons; and of general interest.) 

Sometimes those revelations are couched in but few 
words, but by careful study one sees how closely 
related they are to all Truth. Take for example that 
wonderful, simply expressed revelation in regard 
to government by the Priesthood: "No power or in- 
fluence can or ought to be maintained by virtue of 
the priesthood, only by persuasion, by long-suffering, 
by gentleness and meekness, and by love unfeigned." 
(Doctrine and Covenants 121 : 41.) Just think of the 
word "unfeigned." 

Love pretended has no influence. Love unfeigned 
always has the power to reach the heart. The revela- 
tion continues: "Reproving betimes with sharpness, 
. . . and then showing forth afterwards an increase 
of love toward him whom thou hast reproved, lest 
he esteem thee to be his enemy." (Doctrine and 
Covenants 121:43.) What a wonderful admonition 
and lesson in regard to government, not only in the 
quorums of Priesthood in the Church, but also in our 
home life and in all phases of association in society! 

Consider the statement of the Lord in regard to 
the worth of souls — "Remember the worth of souls 
is great in the sight of God." (Doctrine and Cove- 
nants 18:10.) Also the revelation in regard to true 
riches — "Seek not for riches but for wisdom, and 
behold, the mysteries of God shall be unfolded unto 
you, and then shall you be made rich. Behold, he 
that hath eternal life is rich." (Doctrine and Cove- 
nants 6:7.) 

MAY 1965 


Adherence Yields Faith, Rejoicing 

We might continue, revelation after revelation, 
as given in the Doctrine and Covenants, which if 
studied and heeded by the Latter-day Saints would 
establish faith in their hearts and make them re- 
joice at this great and wonderful organization placed 
among men for their salvation. 

Not the least among these by any means is that 
revelation on the Word of Wisdom. There are just 
one or two little paragraphs in it that refer to the 
use of strong drink: "That inasmuch as any man 
drinketh wine or strong drink among you, behold it 
is not good. . . .'* (Doctrine and Covenants 89:5.) 
Just a simple statement; it is unqualified, but there 
it stands. Strong drinks are not good for the body! 
That revelation was given 132 years ago — the word 
of God, not only to the people who are members of 
the Church, but to the inhabitants of the world 
wherever that book has been published; wherever it 
has been distributed by the elders of the Church, 
the word of God has been sounded to the world. 

People have thus been told by revelation that it 
is not good to indulge in these intoxicating beverages, 
but they have wavered; and some Latter-day Saints 
have wavered. They have been very much as ancient 
Israel with the gods of Baal. Elijah came amongst 
them and denounced their worship of idols, and said, 
". . . How long halt ye between two opinions? if the 
Lord be God, follow him: but if Baal, then follow 
him. And the people answered him not a word." (/ 
Kings 18:21.) There, too, the people were halting; 
many of them knew in a way that Israel's God was 
omnipotent; that He it was who could save them, 
and yet the other gods offered pleasure, offered in- 
dulgence; and the people halted, some trying to serve 
and yield obedience to both. The Prophet Elijah 
told them to stop trying to serve one God today and 
then fall back in obedience to the teachings of the 
other on the morrow. You know the test that was 
decided upon; you know the result, and the death 
that came to the priests of Baal. 

Multitudes Halt between Two Opinions 

For 132 years the word of God has been given to 
the people of this day to refrain from indulgence in 
tobacco and to refrain from indulgence in strong 
drink, and still many falter in obedience. How long, 
Israel, halt ye between two opinions? The Lord has 
said that strong drink is not good. Men are declaring, 

"We don't want the people to drink more beer, but 
we want more people to drink beer." Which teaching 
will the people heed? One declared in the voice of 
Omnipotence that beer, alcoholic beverages, are not 
good; the other declared it is good, and he wants to 
develop the appetite of the people so more people 
will drink. "How long halt ye between two opin- 

What does it mean to obey God's word, to refrain 
from indulgence in narcotics and alcoholic bever- 
ages? It means stronger manhood; it means brighter 
intellects; it means stronger and more perfect 
physical organisms; it means better and truer hus- 
bands, more devoted and affectionate fathers; it 
means parenthood that will transmit to children 
clean habits, and power in the will to resist tempta- 
tions of appetite and greater temptations of passion 
that may come to them; it means happy homes, con- 
tented wives; well-dressed and better-educated 
children; it means a safe and sound citizenship which 
goes for the building of a safe and sound nation; it 
means salvation for the individual in the kingdom of 
God. A little thing? 

Indulgence Induces Depravity 

On the other hand, what does indulgence mean'i 
Weakened manhood, a weakened will, a physical 
organism that will transmit weakness to unborn gen- 
erations; it means the cutting off of life by slow 
suicide; it means the derangement of mental facul- 
ties; it means the breaking up of homes; it means 
broken-hearted wives, destitute children, a weakened 
society; it means the maiming and killing of people 
on our highways— that is what it means! 

Members of the Church should be determined to 
live in accordance with the teachings and admoni- 
tions given us. We should be strong enough to intro- 
duce the principles given into active life; and after 
doing that as individuals, we should see that we use 
our influence with our children; and remember, ex- 
ample in the home will go further in helping our 
children than will our teaching. Children are enti- 
tled to a kingly birth, whether they must live in a 
mud hovel or in a palace, it makes no difference — a 
kingly birth, inherited strength, physical strength, 
moral strength, and spiritual uplift. 

"Why halt ye, Israel, between two opinions? if 
the Lord be God, follow him: but if Baal, then fol- 
low him." 

Library File Reference: Hevelation. 




by LeRoy R. and Ann W. Hafen" 

Great faith has been displayed on many 
occasions and by many persons in the 
j^Church. But perhaps never was a greater 
aisplay of pure faith by the general mem- 
bership of the Church shown than in June, 1847. In 
that month a large band of Saints turned their faces 
westward from the Missouri River to seek a new 
home. They were among our unsung heroes. 

True, a party of 143 men, three women, and two 
children had gone out before them the preceding 
April. This was the famous first Pioneer band, led by 
Brigham Young and made up of strong men, selected 
for courage and hardihood. These had ample supplies 
and were handicapped by no aged, helpless, and sick. 

We have no desire to detract from the importance 
or achievement of that Pioneer band. But let us now 
consider another heroic band, one with unexcelled 
faith. These were some fifteen hundred emigrants, 
more than half of them women and children, setting 
forth to make a new home, they knew not where. 

They believed they were going to settle some- 
where in the Rocky Mountains, for the Prophet 
Joseph Smith had prophesied a migration to that 
region. But where? None of their people had ever 
been out there. Would the climate and length of 
season permit the growing of crops? Would Indians 
be hostile? Would wild animals molest? 

Before setting out, Brigham Young had said to 
the Saints left behind: "Prepare, and follow west- 
ward." God had counseled: "Trust me." So the 
faithful Saints had prepared to move forward. 

The main body of the Mormons, recently driven 
from their homes, went boldly about their tasks of 
preparing to travel. They repaired wagons, reset 
wagon tires, shod oxen and horses, mended wagon 
covers, gathered up supplies of clothing and bedding, 
stores of wheat, corn, beans, and bacon, and took 
along seeds of all kinds. The instructions were that 
300 pounds of foodstuffs be taken for each person; 
for they could not hope for a crop for over a year. 

Two vigorous young apostles, John Taylor and 
Parley P. Pratt, were to lead this large migration. 

(For Course 7, lesson of July 18, "This Is the Place"; for Course 
11, lesson of May 23, "This Is the Place"; for Course 29, lesson of 
June 20, "Gathering of Israel"; and of general interest.) 

* LeRoy R. and Ann Woodbury Hafen are well known in literary 
circles, both having had experience as authors. Brother Hafen re- 
ceived his B.A. from Brigham Young University, his M.A. from the 
University of Utah, and his Ph.D. from the University of California. 
Sister Hafen attended BYU and the University of California at 
Berkeley. She also completed specialized writing courses at Denver 
University and the University of Colorado. The Hafens have two 

These two 40-year-olds were very close friends. In- 
deed, Brother Pratt had converted and baptized 
John Taylor in Canada ten years earlier. The two 
had just returned by ship from a mission to England, 
bringing with them surveying instruments, a barom- 
eter, thermometers, sextant, compass, and telescope, 
to be used later in laying out Salt Lake City. 

Brothers Taylor and Pratt both were poets and 
singers as well as practical leaders. Their contagious 
enthusiasm built courage, inspired faith. They di- 
vided the people into companies of 100 wagons, sub- 
divided into groups of 50 and 10, each under a 
captain. A company of artillery under General Charles 
C. Rich marched along for protection. Guns and 
ammunition were taken to kill game. 

When finally assembled, this main body included 
1,553 souls, with 600 wagons, 2,213 oxen, 124 horses, 
887 cows, 358 sheep, 716 chickens, and a number of 
pigs. The livestock had to be guarded and pastured 
en route. 

In late June, these people set their wagons roll- 
ing. Brigham Young's Pioneer band was still east of 
South Pass. The Church leader had not yet seen 
nor selected the future home for the Saints. But the 
fifteen hundred eager souls now leaving the Missouri 
frontier had to be on their way in order to reach their 
destination before winter storms blocked the moun- 
tain passes. They put their trust in their leaders and 
their God and trekked westward. 

Slowly, through mud and storms, over rivers that 
had to be rafted, through stretches of sand and over 
high mountains, they pushed along. But they rested 
on Sundays, and they offered up sincere prayers 
morning and night. 

In Wyoming, about two months later, the big, 
west-moving company met Brigham Young and his 
party returning eastward. The Church leader 
brought glad tidings about the gathering place that 
had been selected — a Zion for modern Israel. They 
all joined for a joyous celebration; and about a 
month later, on Oct. 5, 1847, the large body of 
Saints jolted successfully down Emigration Canyon 
and into the Salt Lake Valley. 

B. H. Roberts, our great Mormon historian, writes 
of the large company migration of 1847: 

"It was a bold undertaking, this moving over fif- 
teen hundred souls — more than half of whom were 
women and children — into an unknown country, 
through hostile tribes of savages. Had it not been 
for the assurance of the support and protection of 
Jehovah, it would have been not only bold but a 
reckless movement — the action of madmen. But as 
it was, the undertaking was a sublime evidence of 
their faith in God and their leaders." 

Library File Reference: Pioneers — ^Mormon. 

MAY 1965 


The Lord's 
Servants Are 


by Bishop Robert L. Simpson 
of the Presiding Bishopric 

As I was being set apart for my mission some 
years ago, Brother Rulon S. Wells, then of the First 
Council of Seventy, placed his hands upon my head 
and said, "I bless you, Brother Simpson, with a 
knowledge of the language of the people amongst 
whom you will labor." I was grateful for this bless- 
ing. I went to New Zealand feeling elated that 
I was going to learn a foreign language, that this 
blessing had been given to me, and that no one could 
take it from me. 

During the first few weeks in New Zealand I did 
not do very much about learning the Maori language. 
I was with a companion who was soon going home, 
and he had pressing matters to think about; so we 
did not do much about studying the language. After 
three or four weeks had gone by without much effort 
on my part to learn the Maori language, I dreamed 
a strange dream. To me it is very real. It is one of the 
significant events of my life and, in my opinion, a 
direct communication from my Heavenly Father. 
In this dream I had returned home from my mis- 
sion. I was getting off the boat in Los Angeles har- 
bor from whence I had left; and there was my 
bishop, my stake president, my mother and dad, 
and all of my friends. As I came down the gang- 
plank of the boat, they all started talking to me in 
Maori, every one of them — my mother, my father, 
my bishop — all talking in Maori; and I could not 
understand a word they were saying. I was em- 
barrassed. I was humiliated. I thought to my- 
self, "This is terrible. How am I going to get out 
of it?" And I started making excuses. 

Right then I woke up, and I sat straight up in 
bed. Two thoughts came forcefully to my mind. The 
first: "You will have to do something about learning 

this language. The Lord has given you a blessing, 
but you are going to have to do something about it 
yourself." Then the second thought: "You are going 
to need this language when you get through with 
your mission. You are going to need it" These 
thoughts kept ringing through my ears all that day; 
so arrangements were made immediately and time 
allotted each day to study the Maori language. After 
a short time my blessing was fulfilled as I gained the 
ability to speak with those people in their own 
tongue^ — but not until I had done my part. 

Then, to make a long story short, the mission 
was finished. I came home and the ship docked at 
Los Angeles harbor almost exactly as portrayed in 
my dream. All were there to meet me, but, needless 
to say, they all spoke English. Not one of them 
spoke to me in Maori. 

World War II broke out. All of the missionaries 
were called home, I thought, "Now if I am called 
into the armed forces, I am just sure that I will be 
sent right back down to New Zealand where I can 
also help President Matthew Cowley. Maybe the 
Lord will send me down there to help him with the 
mission activity between military assignments." 

I went into the Air Force; and sure enough, when 
it came time for overseas processing, I was sent to 
San Francisco. Most of the Pacific processing was 
done there. I thought to myself, "Here I go, right 

Bishop Simpson 

(For Course 5, lesson of July 11, "Missionaries Are Blessed"; 
for Course 9, lesson of May 30, "A Leader Is Guided"; for Course 
13, lessons of June 6-20, "Service"; and for Course 17, lesson of 
June 27, "Our Acceptance of Jesus Christ." To support Family Home 
Evening lessoius Nos. 17 and 20.) 

♦Abridged and reprinted from a talk delivered by Bishop Simp- 
son at Brigham Young University, April 4, 1962. 



back to New Zealand." About two days before the 
ship was to sail with all our groups of several hun- 
dred men, they took out five of us. That is all — just 
five — and sent us all the way back to the Atlantic 
seacoast for shipment to Europe. I thought to my- 
self, "Well, I guess I can always preach to the Maori 
spirits in prison when I get on the other side!" 

We joined a convoy and went across the Atlantic 
Ocean. I saw the Rock of Gibraltar go by, and fi- 
nally the ship stopped in Egypt. We got off the ship, 
and we were taken to our American air base. There 
was a very small Air Force group in Cairo, Egypt. Of 
all the Air Force units throughout the world, this 
was one of the very smallest groups. Well, if you 
know anything about New Zealand and Cairo, Egypt, 
you know that you cannot get further away from 
New Zealand than Cairo. 

I thought, "Well, I don't know what the Lord 
has in mind, but I'll just do the best I can; and I am 
sure that everything will work out all right." 

I want to tell you young people that not more 
than forty-eight hours had gone by before I found 
that right there within the very shadows of this 
American air base was the entire Maori battalion 
from New Zealand! This was their main overseas 
base for processing, for all of their fighting in North 
Africa and Italy. For the next two years I had the 
privilege of being there and meeting each Sunday 
with those Maori boys, bearing testimony with them 

in their own tongue, organizing them into small 
groups as they went up into the front lines in order 
that they might have their sacrament meetings and 
do the things that they needed to do. 

They needed me. I needed them. President Cow- 
ley had help from other Saints in New Zealand, but 
there was no one to help in far-off Egypt. I want to 
tell you that the Lord has a hand in writing military 
orders, because of all the places in this world 
where Air Force men were being sent, very few were 
sent to Cairo, Egypt. Why one of them should be 
selected who knew a few words of Maori and who 
had an abiding love for the Maori people, only the 
Lord can answer. I have a testimony that He fore- 
saw this need some seven years prior to this, as He 
motivated a new, young missionary to good works 
through a dream. 

As we bear testimony to our Heavenly Father, 
let us remember that this is His work, that He gov- 
erns in the affairs of men. I bear testimony to you 
that He Uves, that Jesus is the Christ, and that we 
have been foreordained to do something very 
special. May we Uve up to this foreordination and be 
prepared to be not only the leavening influence of 
this great nation but to realize also that there are 
young people among us who could literally be saviors 
to thousands upon thousands in the world during 
very perilous times ahead. 

Library File Reference: Divine Guidance. 


Editor : 
President David O. McKay 

Associate Editors: 

General Superintendent George R. Hill 

Lorin F. Wheelwright 

Business Manager : 
Bicfiard E. Folland 

Managing Editor: 
Boyd O. Hatch 

Production Editor : 
Burl Shephard 

Manuscript Editor: 
Richard E. Scholle 

Research Editor: 
H. George Bickerstaff 

Art Director: 
Sherman T. Martin 

Circulation Manager: 
Joan Barber 

Instructor Secretary : 
Ruth Ann Bassett 

Consultant : 
A , William Lund 

Instructor Committee: 

Chairman Lorin F. Wheelwright, Richard E. 
Folland, Marie F. Felt, A. William Lund, Ken- 
neth S. Bennion, H. AldoiLS Dixon, Leland H. 
Monson, Alexander Schreiner, Lorna C. Alder, 
Vernon J. LeeMaster, Claribel W. Aldous, 
Melba Glade, Henry Eyring, Clarence Tyndall, 
Wallace G. Bennett, Camille W. Halliday, 
Margaret Hopkinson, Mima Rasband, Edith 
M. Nash, Alva H. Parry, Bernard S. Walker, 
Paul B. Tanner, Lewis J. Wallace, Arthur D. 
Browne, Howard S. Bennion, Herald L. Carl- 
ston, Bertrand F. Harrison, Willis S. Peterson, 
Greldon L. Nelson, Jane Hopkinson, G, Robert 
Ruff, Anthony I. Bentley, Marshall T. Burton, 
Calvin C. Cook, A. Hamer Reiser, Robert M. 
Cundick, Clarence L. Madsen, J. Elliot Cam- 
eron, Bertrand A. Childs. 

Published by the Deseret Sunday School Union 
of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day 
Saints, the first day of every month at Salt Lake 
City, Utah. Entered at Salt Lake City Post Office 
as second class matter acceptable for mailing at 
special rate of postage provided in Section 1103, 
Act of Oct. 3, 1917, authorized on July 8, 1928, 
Copyright 1965 by the Deseret Sunday School 
Union Board. All rights reserved. 

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is $3.75. 

MAY 1965 



There is music all around when the King family sings . . . 

Millions of Americans are hearing for the first 
time our beloved Sunday School song, "Love at 
Home." As the King family closes its Saturday 
night television program with this harmonious ben- 
ediction, Grandpa raises his hand and all join in a 
sentiment that not only thrills listeners but ex- 
presses the spirit of his family and the tie that binds 
children and parents together. They sing of a love 
that Latter-day Saints especially cherish. 

A Family Project from the Beginning 

Years ago, when depression struck the family 
fortunes of William King Driggs and his job melted 
away, he made sweet use of adversity. He packed 
his family into their old touring car and headed for 
the west coast. There, on station KLX, he presented 
for the first time "The King Sisters." At first three, 
then four, and eventually all six of his daughters 
sang together. They were actually the back-seat 
harmonizers as they putt-putted over the well-punc- 
tuated roads of that day. 

(For the general use of Course 25 and Family Home Evening 
activity periods.) 


The Driggs family had adventure bom into 
them. "Grandpa," as he is affectionately called by 
his TV troupe, is proud of his own grand- 
father, Parley P. Pratt. When asked how he kept 
LDS traditions alive in his growing and itinerant 
family, he said, "I remember the day we were per- 
forming at Sandusky, Ohio. The girls had made the 
'big time' by then, and we were on tour. On the 
stage upstairs the orchestra of Alvino Rey was 
playing the latest jazz tunes when I found my 
daughter, Alyce, crying. In her hands was a book 
that I had given her entitled. Autobiography of 
Parley P. Pratt. She was moved by the farewell of 
her great-grandfather as he bade goodbye to his 
family and set forth on his mission to Canada. She 
was discovering for herself the meaning of her tra- 
dition and her family," Then he added, "It was on 
that mission that Parley P. Pratt converted John 
Taylor and many other early leaders in the 

He said, "Sometimes we were separated, and I 
wrote what we called my 'Theology Lessons' for the 


by Lorin F. Wheelwright 

girls. These were really long letters, but they car- 
ried the message." 

He related this incident as we sat in his dressing 
room at the Hollywood Palace where he and 
his family were putting the final touches on 
their nationwide weekly TV show. Here in this 
famous landmark at Hollywood and Vine sat the 
man who had seen his little girls sing their way into 
the hearts of a whole generation. And now those 
same girls were making one of those dramatic 
comebacks that marks Hollywood as a city of 

Out on the stage were all six of his daughters, 
together with five husbands, two brothers, their 
wives, and 23 children. As over the monitor pic- 
ture tube came camera angles on "Shenandoa," 
we heard the voice of Yvonne, who spearheads the 
production, suggesting improvements here, a cut 
there, and, "Let's take it again from the top." 

As my questions began to multiply. King 
Driggs called for his daughter, Donna Conkling, 
to fill in the latest adventures of this super home- 
night family. With one eye on the TV screen and 
an occasional, "Excuse me, please, I'm on — but 
I'll be right back," she told how Daddy had made 
the vocal arrangements for the family during the 
early days when they appeared as the Driggs fam- 
ily entertainers. She told how they would perform 
for church functions, sometimes at a friendly Bap- 
tist or Methodist social where they would present 
a program and receive a percentage of the "silver 
offering" and then pack on to the next town. Then 
she told how they won a place on the Horace 
Heidt show with the help of Earl J. Glade and KSL 
(Salt Lake City), and how they traveled for five 
years with this group, made motion pictures, re- 
cordings, and eventually found their husbands — 
"Not all members of the Church — but good boys," 
interpolated her father. When the girls became 
mothers they left the stage and scattered over the 
face of the land. "But on holidays, and especially 
on the Fourth of July, we would all get together," 
she added, "and dressed up in red- white -and-blue 
we would have our own old-fashioned celebra- 

{Continued on following page.) 

1. The King family {left to right) Yvonne, Donna, Luise, 

King Driggs, Marilyn, Alyce, and Maxine. 

2. King Sisters and daughters catch cue from musical 


3. King Driggs at the piano accompanies his famous daugh- 

ters in "Sound of Music." 

MAY 1965 

In Memory as in Life 

As we were going to press, the sad news 
reached us that William King Driggs, the 
father of the King Family and principal 
subject of this article, passed away, Tues- 
day, April 6, 1965, following a stroke. 

In honor of him and his convictions, we 
are publishing this article with no changes, 
"Like a king he stands — tall before his 
family and the eyes of the nation," in 
memory as in life. 

We extend heartfelt sympathy to his fam- 
ily and friends. 


Photos by author. 


LOVE AT HOME (Continued from preceding page.) 

"About a year ago," Donna said, "Yvonne, who 
lives near Oakland, suggested that the whole fam- 
ily come north to help her ward raise money for a 
new building." With Grandpa and the children, 
they put on a King Family entertainment at 
the Oakland-Berkeley Stake Center. It not only 
raised building funds but stirred Al Heiner to sug- 
gest to Brigham Young University and later to the 
ABC network that here was a group that de- 
served a larger audience. After another fund- 
raising appearance at Burbank, they flew to Provo 
for an extravaganza that helped pull the BYU 
stadium project into the black. With the help of 
T. Earl Pardee, a film was made of this perform- 
ance. "But you can imagine some of our prob- 
lems," Donna continued, "when we couldn't get 
into the fieldhouse for a rehearsal. You know how 
important basketball is up there!" The film was 
good enough to interest the ABC network in a 
"Special" on the Hollywood Palace series. 

Then her face broke into a broad and friendly 
smile as she said, "Within three weeks we had re- 
ceived 56,000 letters." From this success came the 
present series of which I was witnessing a final re- 

How do the Kings do this job every week? 
Looking around, I soon found some answers. The 
script and musical arrangements are masterminded 
by Yvonne and a staff of top-flight creative peo- 
ple. Each work-week begins on Thursday and ends 
with a final performance on the next Tuesday. 

Then comes a day to catch up. I learned from Don, 
20-year-old son of Karlton Driggs, and a student 
at San Fernando Valley State College, that the 
real work days for him are Thursday and Friday 
when, "We first meet the new musical scores and 
choreography." This "choreography" is the action 
and movement on stage, directed by the team who 
put "Mary Poppins" together. The show is re- 
hearsed until Monday, "in the bam next door," 
as Don put it. "Then on Monday we move onto 
the stage, and by night we are recording all of the 
music with the orchestra. Tuesday we do a com- 
plete dress rehearsal in the afternoon and a final 
show at night — before audiences." Some parts are 
taped from all three performances and combined 
for release on Saturday night. 

With all this rehearsing there seemed little time 
for school, but as Don said, "We have teachers 
right here on the set, and then I break away be- 
tween times to meet my fraternity at the college." 
He hastened to add, "I'm president of Lambda 
Delta Sigma [the Church fraternity], and we have 
a hundred members. We bring many converts into 
the Church with this activity." Then he reflected, 
"I get a lot of strength from Lambda Delta 

Another young trouper who spoke glowingly of 
her Church activity was Liza Rey, a senior at 
Camarillo High School and daughter of Luise and 
Alvino Rey. She said, "I get up at five in the morn- 
ing — for an early swim and then go to Seminary at 
six." Liza plays the harp and sings. When asked if 

The King family teen-agers recording the 
old folksong, "Shenandoa." Fun-loving and 
high spirited, they find time for their stud- 
ies. Church activities, and routine to pro- 
duce the show. 

William King Driggs, whose de- 
sire to keep the family together 
and sing together, has created 
this unique entertaining group. 
He stands at the head. 

On Monday, the Kings record all of 
the music. Tuesday, they do a com- 
plete dress rehearsal and at night do 
a final show. Parts are taped from all 
three performances for release Saturday. 



the hard work was worth it, she replied, "I just love 
it. The thrill of a good performance makes it fun." 

The little children and teen-agers, when not on 
stage, are in a school conducted at the theater by 
professional teachers from the Los Angeles Board 
of Education. Jerry McPhie, their business manager, 
said that the logistics of juggling hours and re- 
hearsals to meet all the requirements of education, 
work hours, and good showmanship is the toughest 
problem of production. Mr. McPhie added that this 
family is not like any of their other casts. "As we 
get into the final performance, all members are on 
stage," he said. "There is no time to retire to 
a dressing room, so the family pauses a few 
moments just before curtain time for family 
pirayers. After the first performance our producer, 
who is Jewish, said, 'I don't know what that prayer 
is, but please say it before every performance.' " 
Mr, McPhie added that their contract with the net- 
work prohibits sponsorship by products adverse to 
the Word of Wisdom. 

From fan mail comes a universal comment: "We 
like the good, clean family fun . . . You bring us 
such happy hours . . . The closing song is inspiring." 
As Donna read some of the letters, she told how her 
husband joined the Church after twenty years of 
patient encouragement. 

At this moment a happy young face appeared 
in the doorway: "Here is Karlton's son. Bill, just 
back from his mission to Australia where he set a 
record distributing copies of the Book of Mormon." 
Young Bill responded by saying, "I used the 
methods of the Reader's Digest and placed them in 

racks where passersby could buy them. . . . Oh yes, 
we enjoyed The Instructor magazine in Australia, 
too!" These cheerful words sounded a harmonious 
note above the background of "The Sound of Music" 
which was coming from the stage. Then "Uncle 
Bill" put his head in to say, "Hello, from a Sunday 
School superintendent." His comments were cut 
short by a call over the loudspeaker, "Whole family 
on stage, please." We moved into the auditorium 
to see the finale. 

Joy in Every Sound 

In the setting of this brilliant theatre — with full 
orchestra, elegant scenery, cameras, lights, and a 
recording studio swarming with an anthill of 
workers — emerges this high-stepping family: little 
tots, teen-agers, daughters, sons, "in-laws," and 
Grandpa himself, WilUam King Driggs. Like a king 
he stands — tall before his family and the eyes of the 
nation. The only member absent is Mother Driggs, 
ill in a hospital, but her beauty and spirit fill the 
hall as melody and words ring out, "There is joy in 
every sound, when there's love at home." 

As the final cadence echoes we see before us a 
father whose sincere desire is to have his children 
follow the great tradition of their family patriarch, 
Parley P. Pratt, and to live the Gospel message that 
he carried to the world. In those final tones we share 
with twenty-five million viewers a heart throb, kin- 
dled by the love of parents who care, by the love of 
children who respond, and by the love that makes 
home a sacred shrine. 

Library File Reference: King Family. 

The King tots have a reading lesson. They are (I to r): 
Laurette Conkling, Susannah Lloyd, Mrs. Martha Burton, 
who is their teacher, and Stephen Driggs, and Cam Clarke. 
The toughest problem is adjusting time for rehearsals, for 
education, work, and good showmanship. 

King teen-agers attending school off-stage. They are (I to 
r) : Liza Rey, Cathy Cole, Xan Conkling, Mrs. Bethel Grif- 
fith, their teacher, Jamie Conkling; and with his hack to 
the camera is Ric de Azevedo. The teachers are furnished 
by the Los Angeles Board of Education. 

MAY 1965 


by Henry Eyring 

By sharing knowledge and belief one with another, 
we challenge ourselves to enlarge our viewpoint and 
to pursue truth. 

This series of articles, presented by scholars in 
specific fields of study, is a project to assist our read- 
ers and advisers of youth in the discussion of modem 
problems. It is our conviction that these problems 
are normal for the inquiring mind to pursue in today's 
world, and that the faithful Latter-day Saint will in- 
crease in testimony by a serious study of them. To 
find that truth which truly frees the human spirit 
from the fetters of ignorance is, indeed, a prize worth 

These articles will appear monthly under the gen- 
eral title, "I Believe." 


Latter-day Saints are enjoined to seek out all 
useful knowledge. Years of association with univer- 
sity students makes it clear that an advisor's influ- 
ence is proportional to his general understanding of 
the students' problems. For this reason, if for 
no other, parents, teachers, and presiding authorities 
need to understand the problems confronting the 
rising generation. 

(For the general use of Courses 15, 17, and 25.) 
*Dr. Eyring is Dean of the Graduate School at the University of 
Utah and the Professor of Chemistry and Professor of Metallurgy 
there. He won his B.S., 1923, M.S., 1924, at the University of Arizona; 
Ph.D., 1927, University of California; D.Sc, 1952, University of Utah; 
D.Sc, 1953, Northwestern University; D.Sc, 1956, Princeton Univer- 
sity; D.Sc, 1963, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea; LL.D., 
1964, Indiana Central College. He is president of the American 
Association for the Advancement of Science. 

''This I Believe . . ." 

Second in a Series for the Inquiring Mind 


All of us are tempted at times to give easy an- 
swers. We are asked for bread and we give our ques- 
tioner a stone. This is usually because we just do not 
know the correct answers. Scientific knowledge is 
piUng up at such an impressive rate that any com- 
prehensive interpretation of man's place in the uni- 
verse requires a continuing review of the relevant 
facts. We shall attempt here to direct attention to- 
ward a few of the newer scientific developments 
which require this reinterpretation. 

The Indestructibility of Matter 

Before 1920 high school students were routinely 
taught that the elements were indestructible. The 
atomic bomb spectacularly contradicts this age-old 
concept. In the atomic bomb we have either 
uranium 235 or plutonium breaking up into all the 
lighter elements with a small part of the matter actu- 
ally disappearing as it is transformed into energy. 
The intense heat of the explosion is the visible result 
of this transformation. The inverse process in which 
energy is changed into matter has also been ob- 

Thus, cosmic rays coming from outer space have 
been observed in a cloud chamber to change over 
into an electron and a positron. The positron has 
the same mass but the opposite charge to the elec- 
tron. The dogmatist who may have built the inde- 
structibility of matter into some pet theory may be 
unhappy at this turn of events, but the world really 
goes on much as it did before. One has, in fact, only 
found out that matter and energy are different forms 
of the same thing, and the change that we had 
thought of as destruction is instead a transforma- 
tion of matter into energy. It is important that this 
change takes place in both directions. 



Through the Looking Glass 

Since Dr. Eyring prepared this article, the follow- 
ing report has appeared in NewSWEEK magazine, 
March 16, 1965, regarding the actual discovery of the 
"antideuteron," and is reprinted by permission. 

The intricate theories of physics allow the exist- 
ence of an anti-universe made of antimatter — the 
mirror image of earth matter. Building on this, science 
fiction writers conjure up images of an anti-world 
threatened by anti-nuclear weapons, whose anti-cities 
are clogged by anti-traffic jams. But physicists were 
not sure antimatter would cooperate with theory. If 
individual antiparticles, such as the antiproton and 

the antineutron, could not combine to form heavier 
elements there would be no possibility of an anti- 

Now physicists know what they have long sus- 
pected. Last week a Columbia University group, using 
Brookhaven National Laboratory's giant atom smash- 
er, discovered the antideuteron — the counterpart of a 
heavy form of earthly hydrogen — consisting of an 
antiproton and an antineutron. 

The discovery proves that "antimatter is possible 
beyond antihydrogen, that you can have nuclei heavier 
than antiprotons," said Dr. Samuel Ting, who, with 
Dr. Leon M. Lederman, headed the Columbia group. 

The scriptural description of spirit as a more re- 
fined kind of matter takes on new perspective in the 
light of this larger concept of the interchangeabihty 
of matter and energy. Matter, in the broader sense, 
can still be spoken of as indestructible, providing we 
realize that energy is just another form of matter. 

Matter and Anti-matter 

With this crumbling of our old ideas of the very 
foundations of an indestructible world of matter, an- 
other new concept has been bom. Somewhere in 
space we expect to find anti-worlds made from anti- 
matter. In all outward respects anti-worlds look like 
ordinary worlds. In fact an anti-world would be ob- 
tained from an ordinary world by simply changing 
all positive charges to negative and simultaneously 
changing all negative charges to positive. Thus, 
whereas atoms in the ordinary world have positively 
charged nuclei with negatively charged electrons cir- 
culating about them, the situation is exactly the re- 
verse in the anti-world. Here positively charged 
electrons, called positrons, circulate about negatively 
charged nuclei. In fact, if you could shed your ma- 
terial body and pay a visit to either a world or an 
anti-world, it would take some fairly fancy observing 
to tell which type of world you were visiting. People 
would eat, sleep, and live the same way. This ambi- 
guity would disappear if you kept your material 
body. The fireworks start whenever matter and anti- 
matter colUde. Such a collision would produce a ball 
of fire with the disappearance of the smaller of the 
two colliding bodies together with an equivalent 
amount of the other substance. The disappearing 
matter is transformed into energy giving the result- 
ing super explosion. This explains why we do not 
see any anti-matter lying around loose near the 
earth. If there were some it would disappear as soon 
as encounters with matter occurred. 

Structure in the Micro World 

Two hundred milHon atoms touching each other 
in a line measure one inch. One hundred thousand 
atomic nuclei similarly arranged extend only across 
one atom. It is natural to wonder how anything as 
small as the nucleus can have structure, and even if 

it does have, how man can find it out. The procedure 
for finding out is to shoot electrically charged atoms 
or electrons at nuclei and see how they bounce. This 
tells us a great deal about the kind of forces that are 
acting between the colUding particles. 

When a particularly violent collision results in 
penetration into the nucleus and causes it to frag- 
ment, we can watch the tracks left by the fragments 
in a cloud chamber. In this way we find out that the 
nucleus is made up of positively charged protons and 
uncharged neutrons of virtually the same weight. 
Now the question arises as to whether the nucleus 
has the same properties in all directions. The princi- 
ple of parity which was accepted as true for 25 years 
states that an atom does not know one end from the 
other. It is interesting to see how this statement was 
proved to be untrue. Because the radioactive cobalt- 
60 nucleus is magnetic and so has a north and south 
pole, one can place a quantity of the cobalt in a mag- 
netic field and have all the atomic nuclei line up with 
their south poles pointing toward the north pole of 
the big outside magnet. The nuclei stay lined up 
quite well if the cobalt is kept very cold. Now the 
cobalt nuclei are radioactive, and every once in 
awhile one of them shoots out an electron. If the 
nuclei were indeed symmetrical they would be 
equally likely to eject the electron through their 
north pole as through the south pole. This is, how- 
ever, not true. A geiger counter similar to those used 
to prospect for uranium reveals that the electrons are 
shot out preferentially through the nuclear south 
pole. Thus the principle of parity must be given up. 

This ingenious experiment suggested by Yang 
and Lee, for which they were given the Nobel prize, 
has thus provided exciting new information about 
the structure of the nucleus. 

Since we know of no sufficient reason why cobalt- 
60 should favor the ejection of particles along its 
south pole, it is natural to ask, "Where are the cobalt 
atoms which would eject particles along their north 
pole?" The probable answer is that in anti-matter 
the corresponding cobalt atoms will indeed be found 
to eject positrons along their north pole. It will not 

(Continued on following page.) 

MAY 1965 


COSMIC DESIGN (Continued from preceding page.) 

be easy to prove this surmise by direct observation. 
Every piece of information of this kind reveals new 
facets of the cosmic design and increases our awe 
of the Supreme Intelligence operating through the 
universal reign of law. We turn next to an interesting 
aspect of the biological world. 

This L-amino Acid World 

Molecules are made by joining atoms together. 
A molecule resulting from such a combination of 
atoms is said to be symmetrical if one side of 
the molecule is the mirror image of the other side as, 
for example, one side of the body is a mirror image 
of the other side. Molecules which lack this symme- 
try are said to be asymmetric. Corresponding to 
every asymmetric molecule we have its mirror image 
which is called its "optical isomer." In the same way 
the left hand is the mirror image of the right hand. 
Now the body is made up of many types 
of molecules, just as a large building may be made 
up of many types of bricks. Many of these molecules 
in the body are asymmetrical, and frequently one op- 
tical isomer is found to occur in living things to the 
virtual exclusion of its mirror image. We can under- 
stand this selective choice of building blocks if we 
recognize that the body is built up by molecules 
which are to be incorporated into the body from the 
food we eat. This selection is made by a process of 
fitting of the selected molecule to the enzyme much 
as a left hand selects a left-hand glove and rejects a 
right-hand glove. Muscles and enzymes are made by 
joining amino acids together into long chains. These 
chains are called proteins. There are 20 different 
amino acids which are joined together in different 
proportions to form the links in the various types of 
protein chains. Now of these 20 amino acids used by 
the body, all but one is asymmetric. Further, all the 
19 asymmetric amino acids used are like the left hand 
glove and are called l-amino acids. In every living 
thing, the opposite optical isomers, which are called 
the d-amino acids, if present in the food are rejected 
by the enzymes which build proteins and are elimi- 
nated from the body. We therefore call this world 
we live in an l-amino acid world. "L" comes from 
laevo, the latin word for left; and "d" stands for dex- 
tro or right. 

We can readily imagine a d-amino acid world. In 
fact, if we look into a large mirror, the world we see 
is a d-amino world since every object, including the 
molecules, is the mirror image of those in the real 
world. Obviously everything in the d-amino acid 
world would work exactly as well in our real world, 
and it is a matter of no obvious consequence which 
world we happen to have. If there are other worlds 

which support life, there is no reason for supposing 
that they may not be d-amino acid worlds. If so, 
such worlds would be completely inhospitable to us 
since we could not digest their foods; and marriages 
between people coming from d and 1 worlds would 
necessarily be sterile. On the other hand, there is, of 
course, no reason why people from two such worlds 
might not converse with each other with complete 
understanding, and one could not tell the two types 
of people apart by their appearance. 

The fact that in our world every living thing from 
the tiniest living cell to man uses only the l-amino 
acids along with the d-sugars highlights the unity 
running through the living world. Thus everything 
which grows, collects those particular optical isomers 
which man needs for his food and rejects the opposite 
isomers which are unfit for him to eat. Here again we 
catch a glimpse of that unity which everywhere char- 
acterizes the cosmic design. 

The Duality Paradox of Light, Particles, and Personality 

Sir Isaac Newton three hundred years ago 
thought of light moving in straight lines and in gen- 
eral behaving much as material particles would. This 
point of view was given up when the Dutchman Hy- 
ghens showed that many experiments involving light 
were better understood if we thought of light as 
waves being deflected by the obstructions on a pond. 
Still later, Maxwell developed the general theory of 
the wave nature of light to such a degree of perfec- 
tion that the particle theory seemed completely dis- 
credited. The interesting point is that everyone felt 
that the particle theory and the wave theory of light 
were mutually exclusive. Light could be a particle 
or a wave but it could not be both. 

Then in 1905 Albert Einstein published his theory 
of the photoelectric effect for which he was given the 
Nobel prize. If light hits a metal surface, electrons 
are ejected provided the light is violet enough 
in color. Further, the energy with which the electron 
is ejected is proportional to the frequency of the 
light and to nothing else. This can be understood 
if light is made up of particles with energy propor- 
tional to their frequency. Einstein called these light 
particles "photons," and with the acceptance of this 
particle theory, a full-blown paradox was bom. 

Physicists were at first thoroughly disturbed with 
this split personality exhibited by light, but as time 
went on they learned to live with it. It is now ac- 
cepted that light is made up of the particle-like 
photons which, however, are accompanied by a wave 
which governs the direction in which light travels. 
On the other hand, whenever photons are absorbed 
by matter, they are swallowed up as a unit just as 
any other particle nfiight be. If the physicists are not 



exactly happy with the schizophrenic nature of light 
they have at least learned to live with it. 

In the middle twenties, DeBroglie predicted that 
particles of matter would be found to have waves as- 
sociated with them controlling their direction of 
travel just as light particles do. When a beam of 
electrons, all having the same velocity, is directed 
against a crystal, it is deflected just as light is. Ac- 
cordingly we must also think of matter as showing 
schizophrenic behavior, sometimes acting like a wave 
and sometimes hke a particle. Again physicists have 
learned to live with the unexpected behavior. 

If we read the story of Robert E. Lee, the great 
military tactician, we find that even at Gettysburg 
his army was maneuvered as though Lee were himself 
storming Cemetery Ridge alongside Pickett, as well 
as being everywhere else on the battlefield. Lee's 
success as a general depended to a very great extent 
on the gathering of information about the strength, 
position, and intentions of his adversary before and 
after the battle started. The result is that any story 
of Lee as a general would tell about his influence per- 

meating the whole sphere of his activities and very 
little about Lee the man. In this sense Lee is two 
people, the man like anyone else, and the farflung in- 
telhgence system which governed the motion of him- 
self and his army much as the wave is spread out in 
space and governs the motion of a photon or a mate- 
rial particle. 

In an analogous manner we may think of God as 
the all-wise arbiter of the universe, with His infinite 
wisdom liaving an influence which permeates the 
most remote recesses of space, and yet being Himself 
an exalted being with personality and deep concern 
for struggling humanity. One of the many things the 
Restored Gospel has done is to emphasize, as the 
scriptures have always done, the deep personal con- 
cern of God for his children. 

We have barely touched the problems which con- 
front the eager student, but perhaps in calling atten- 
tion to the existence of such problems we may, in 
some degree, stimulate the never-ending quest for 
truth in all its varied forms. 

Library File Reference: Religion and science. 





















































140, 142 

114, 159 

63-77, 88, 
125, 171 




177, 186, 




















113, 151, 






162, 175 








122, 149 






This is a supplementary chart to help teachers find 
good lesson material from past issues of The Instructor. 
Some people will have past issues or bound volumes. For 
those who do not, some copies of past issues are available 
for 35^ each. Starred numbers are not available. For 
these, please use your ward library. If you wish to pur- 
chase available copies, please write to us, quoting the code 
numbers on the chart which are of interest to you, and 
send 35^ for each copy desired. Reprints of many center 
spread pictures (not flannelboard characters) are available 
for 15^ each. 

Abbreviations on the chart are as follows: 

First number quoted is the year, (e.g., 60 means 1960.) 

Second number quoted is the page. 

FBS — flannelboard story. 

CS — center spread. 

ISBC — inside back cover. 

OSBC — outside back cover. 

We encourage Latter-day Saints to subscribe to and 
save The Instructor as a Sunday School teacher's encyclo- 
pedia of Gospel material. 

MAY 1965 



{A book review) 

Ora Pate Stewart, versatile LDS writer of short, short 
stories with a moral, has just published a charming collec- 
tion of humorous, heart-warming accounts of frontier life 
in early days during the settling of the West. Her book, 
Buttermilk and Bran, containing 180 pages, is published by 
the Naylor Company, San Antonio, Texas. Price, $4.00. 
Excerpts of stories are printed below. 

Mary Ann and Edmund Richardson were travel- 
ing by oxteam to the gold fields of California. By the 
time they reached Utah 800 miles from their golden 
goal, they had a broken wagon spoke held together 
b y a strip of M ary Ann'& petticoat, a loose rim on one 
wagon wheel, and a sick ox that finally laid down 
and refused to budge. 

"Maybe we can pull together in his side of the 
harness," Mary Ann dejectedly suggested to her hus- 
band. But their food was almost gone, so Edmund 
took his gun and started out over the prairie to see if 
he could scare up a jackrabbit. When he crawled 
over the ridge, he saw smoke curling up through the 
trees below. At first it seemed like an Indian en- 
campment. But on second sight he saw cabins. 
"They must be Mormons! Heaven preserve us now." 

(For Course 7, lessons of June 13 and July 4, "Homes in the 
Wilderness" and "Mormon Pioneers upon the Great Plains"; for 
Course 9, lessons of July 4 and 18, "A Leader Has Courage" and "A 
Leader Is Faithful"; for Course 11, lessons of June 13 and July 4, 
"Church Beginnings in California" and "Struggling To Keep Alive." 
This book would be of good general use for Family Home Evening 
activity periods.) 

Mormonsl But their food was gone, and they 
must get another ox somehow. The Mormon settle- 
ment might offer them protection from the Indians. 
As for protection from the Mormons, they could only 

"How do the Mormons treat their captives?" 
Mary Ann ventured as they were arranging camp. 

"Can't rightly say as I know," answered Edmund, 
"but it must be pretty awful — as bad as they are." 

"Hello, there!" a man's voice called from across 
the creek. They peered into the darkness. "I saw 
your fire. Have you come to settle in these parts?" 
Edmund assured him that they were just passing 
through on their way to the gold fields of California. 

"That's a long way," he said. "You'd better come 
over and have supper with us, then perhaps we can 
help you with your rig." 

The supper was flour mush. But it was the 
tastiest meal they had had for days. 

The next morning was Sunday. A boy came over 
to the creek. He carried a bucket of fresh, foamy 
milk. "Today is Fast Day," he said. "We don't eat 
on Fast Day, so we won't be needing this milk. Ma 
says if you'd care to go to Church, she'll wait for 

"Yes, yes," said Mary Ann. "We'd love to go. 
Thank you for the milk — but we will fast, too." 

This was a day of thanks. Many people in the 
meeting arose and expressed their thankfulness. 
Mary Ann was thankful, too. Then they all joined in 
singing a hymn. An organ stood over in the comer 
covered by a quilt. Mary Ann edged her way to the 
organ, lifted the quilt. Her fingers found the keys. 
Cords came out strong and clear. Voices mingled to- 
gether singing, "And should we die before our jour- 
ney's through, Happy day! all is well!" Here was 

Mary Ann and Edmund found real wealth in their new surroundings. 



peace, and here was faith that was beautiful. 

On their way back to camp, Edmund looked 
down at his wife. "Mary Ann," he said, "I think 
we've struck that gold." (Pages 3 to 13.) 

Then there was the story of "The Rock," and the 
strength the author as a little girl found in retreating 
to this rock on a hill behind their ranch house. 

"Geologically I suppose it would not technically 
be called a rock, because it was made up of a con- 
glomerate mass of tiny pebbles, rolled together like 
popcorn into a big ball, three, possibly four feet 
thick. ... It was situated on the very point of a 
small hill that was, itself, a projection from a larger 
hill. ... I have never stood on the top without feel- 
ing its strong, cool muscle. . . . 

"In the early summer the hill was a favorite 
haunt for lady-slippers and Indian paintbrush; hill 
lilies drenched with their unbelievably exotic per- 
fume, clumps of bluebells Once in a season or two 

we might come upon a nest of bluebird eggs anchored 
in the crotch of a bush, or at its base, the hollow 
where eight or ten Plymouth Rock hens would be 
hatching later on. And once — behind the hill, on its 
wilderness back — Prue and I came upon a lean, gray 
wolf, whelping." 

To this hill the child retreated in times of trouble, 
like the time, for instance, after their pet lambs had 
been slaughtered: 

"We raised them through the cute stage — where 
they wiggled their stumpy tails and jerked the nip- 
ples on the catsup bottles; into the frisky stage- 
where they humped and sprinted stiff-legged and 
were all play; and almost through the pesky stage — 
three-fourths grown — ^where they followed us 
through the house, chewed Papa's long underwear 
from the clothesline, pushed over tubs of wash water 
warming on a bonfire in the dooryard, and ran be- 
tween the legs of the hired man. He always stood as 
if he were riding a horse, his legs forming a natural 
arch — it was just a natural temptation for a sheep, 
or two sheep as it was in this case — but he did take a 
couple of bad falls that way — one right after the 

"Then one day Rachel and I rode into the yard 
on Old Snooks, after being sent to Salt Brush for the 
mail, and found a black pelt and a white one drying 
on the top rail of the corral. We found their bodies, 
long and stiff, wrapped in white sheets and hanging 
from a rafter in the fruit cellar — and for the first 
time in their lives we couldn't tell which was 
which. . . . 

"I stayed with the rock that day until time to go 
after the cows. ..." 

A few years later she leaned upon the rock to com- 
pose her first verses: "Then there was that wonderful 
day when I stood up tall on the top of the rock as one 
would stand, a conqueror — the world under my bare 
feet, and read my first printed lines from The Juve- 
nile Instructor.'* For this effort she received her first 
of many prizes, a copy of Longfellow's The Song of 
Hiawatha, and in the shade of the rock memorized 
long passages from it. 

Years passed. And just recently in visiting with 
Sister Prue, she ventured, " Tf I were rich and fa- 
mous, do you know what I'd like for my tombstone — 
I would like the rock.' 

" 'What rock?' asked Prue. 

"What rock? I had never told a soul. But maybe 
it was time. . . . 

" 'The round red rock, on the point of the red 
hill behind the house.' 

" That's funny,' Prue said. *I don't remember 
any rock.' " (Pages 41 to 47.) 


Time ago, on an Indian Summer night, 

When the harvest was put away^ 

And children were snuggled in featherbeds 

At the close of a busy day — 

Then Father would sit at the open hearth 

And fashion with knife and scroll 

A hobby horse, or a sturdy sled, 

Or maybe a wooden doll — 

While Mother maneuvered the "croshey hook," 

Or schemed with the calico — 

And fascinators and pinafores 

Danced polkas in a row. 

Oh, it isn't that world economy 

Has untethered his silver wings — 

But that atticked away in a cob-webbed age 

Lies the pleasure of making things. 

"One year, when I couldn't have been more than 
three, my father had carved a somewhat human- 
appearing doll head from a section of a wooden rail- 
road tie, to which my mother had anchored a sturdy 
blue denim body. It was ever so practical, and I was 
as delighted as ever a child could be." When a neigh- 
bor asked why she had used denim instead of a pretty 
calico, her mother said, ". . .Denim is so much more 
durable. It lasts forever. There is nothing so sturdy 
as overall." 

"I think it must have been the very next Sun- 
day," records the author, "when we went to Church, 
that the first song was, 'Do not be discouraged, God 
is overall' That was encouragement to last me for 
years. God was someone you could depend upon. 
He was durable. He was sturdy. He would last for- 
ever. He was overall." (Pages 48-51.) 

— Burl Shephard. 

Library File Reference; Instructor Magazine — Book Reviews. 

MAY 1965 






by David W, Evans' 

When the Mormon Pavilion at the New York 
World's Fair opened its doors to the public on April 
22, 1964, there was set in motion one of the largest 
and most effective educational programs the Church 
has undertaken. By the time this article appears in 
print, more than four million visitors from all parts 
of the world will have passed through these doors. 
By the Fair's closing date on October 17 of this 
year, another two million or so will have seen our 
exhibit and heard the story of the Gospel plan from 
a preexistent world to a glorious and everlasting 
postmortal life full of meaning and purpose and 
limitless opportunities. 

The main theme of the Mormon Pavilion is 
"Man's Search for Happiness." Coupled with this 
theme and running through its every painting, 
photograph, statue, and text; through every scene 
of the impressive motion picture which thousands 
of visitors view and hear each day; through the 

(For Course 5, lesson of July 11, "Missionaries Are Blessed"; 
for Course 11, lesson of August 1, "Present Missionary System"; for 
Course 13, lessons of July 18 and August 1 and 8, "Restoration of the 
Gospel" and "How the Gospel Spreads"; for Course 17, lesson of 
June 27, "Our Acceptance of Jesus Christ"; for Course 29, lesson of 
July 11, "True Church, a Missionary Church"; and of general 

words of the soft-spoken and sincere young mission- 
aries who tell our story and bear witness to its 
truths, is the message that God communicates with 
mankind through divinely inspired and appointed 
prophets. With equal force and clarity, the message 
of the Mormon Pavilion is that God has, in this 
generation, spoken again and restored His Church 
and delegated authority to living prophets and 

The first thing each visitor will see as he enters 
the Pavilion will be the towering marble figure of 
the Christus.^ It is an authentic replica of an orig- 
inal statue of the resurrected Christ by Danish 
sculptor Bertel Thorvaldsen. 

The World's Fair Christus declares to all who 
enter the Pavilion that Latter-day Saints are 
Christians. The inscriptions on its base, selected 
from the four standard works of the Church, de- 

^See "Beauty Inside a Box," The Instructor, October, 1963, page 

*David W. Evans is Chairman of the Board of David W. Evans 
and Associates, an advertising firm with offices in Salt Lake City 
and in three other western cities. He is coordinator of exhibits in 
the Mormon Pavilion at the New York World's Fair. He and his 
wife, Beatrice Cannon Evans, are parents of five sons. 

President McKay and sculptor Elbert 
Porter discuss his fiberglass figure 
of Angel Moroni to adorn the pavilion. 

Three carousels like this tell the his- 
tory of Christianity, programs of 
LDS Church, and principles of truth. 

Restoration of the Melchizedek Priest- 
hood under the hands of Peter, 
James, and John is impressive statue. 



clare the divine mission of the Messiah: 

Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy 
laden, and I will give you rest. {Matthew 11:28.) 

Behold, I am he who was prepared from the 
foundation of the world to redeem my people. . . . 
(Ether 3:14.) 

And, if you keep my commandments and endure 
to the end you shall have eternal life, which gift 
is the greatest of all the gifts of God. (Doctrine 
and Covenants 14:7.) 

For behold, this is my work and my glory — to 
bring to pass the immortality and eternal life of 
man. (Moses 1:39.) 

Surrounding the Christus on the walls and on 
freestanding panels in this first hall are other 
scriptural texts, original paintings, and statuary. 
They portray the step-by-step plan for man's jour- 
ney from a premortal spiritual existence to an eter- 
nal life of purpose and expanded opportunity for 
learning and service. Basic to it all is the assurance 
that man is guided along the road to perfection by 
a personal Father in heaven; and, as Amos declared, 
"Surely the Lord God will do nothing, but he re- 
vealeth his secret unto his servants the prophets." 
(Amos 3:7.) 

The first of God's communications with man 
was in the Garden of Eden, as He spoke to Adam 
and Eve face to face. A Ufe-size statue of our first 
earth parents stands near the entrance to our Pavil- 
ion. Inscribed on the base of the statue are these 
words from Genesis: "So God created man in his 
own image, in the image of God created he him; 
male and female created he them." (Genesis 1:27.) 
Inscriptions from the Book of Mormon and the 
Articles of Faith enlighten us further about the 
purpose of Hfe and God's goodness: "Adam fell 
that men might be; and men are, that they might 
have joy" (2 Nephi 2:25); and ". . . Men will be 
punished for their own sins, and not for Adam's 
transgression." (Second Article of Faith.) 

Nearby are original paintings of ten Hebrew 
prophets. Among them are Abraham, Jacob, 
Moses, Samuel, Elijah, Ezekiel, and Isaiah. There 
are also Jeremiah, Daniel, and John the Baptist. 
Through these, and others, God has spoken to men. 
He has spoken to them through dreams, inspiration, 
and open revelations. And the burden of their mes- 
sage has been twofold. It has been the message of 
repentance and the promise that the Messiah would 
come. Some of these prophets predicted a "falling 
away" after the Messiah's mission as a mortal. Some 
foretold a restoration of the Kingdom of God "in 
the latter days." 

Farther on are plaques on which are inscribed 
and illustrated three of the most significant docu- 
ments of all time: The Ten Commandments, first 
written by the finger of God on tablets of stone; 
The Beatitudes, spoken by the Saviour on the 
Mount; and the Lord's Prayer, which was part of 
the Sermon. 

Rounding out the message of this exhibition hall 
stands a 12-foot-long original painting of the Sav- 
iour and His Apostles.- He is ordaining Peter. The 
painting is suggested by events described in the 
Gospels of Luke and John: "Then he called his 
twelve disciples together, and gave them power and 
authority. . . . And he sent them to preach the king- 
dom of God . . ." (Luke 9:1, 2); and "Ye have not 
chosen me, but I have chosen you, and ordained 
you. . . ." (John 15:16.) 

On the walls of this beautiful room, man's duties 
and destiny are further noted: 

. . . Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the 
earth, and subdue it. . . . (Genesis 1:28.) 

Adam fell that men might be; men are that they 
might have joy. (2 Nephi 2:25.) 

For God so loved the world, that he gave his 
(Concluded on following page.) 

sSee ". . . I Have Chosen You and Ordained You 
Instructor, February, 1965, page 46. 


"Man's Search for Eternal Happiness" is depicted in 
beautiful panoramic view of life from birth to death. 

Artistic setting and figures tell the story of Christ's 
visit to Nephites on the Western Hemisphere in A.D. 34. 

MAY 1965 


A MOST EFFECTIVE EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM (Concluded from preceding page.) 

only begotton Son, that whosoever believeth in him 
should not perish, but have everlasting life. {John 

As the visitor leaves the first hall to enter the 
long gallery, he sees two large murals. On the right 
is a portrayal of the life and mission of Jesus and 
His apostles from His baptism by John in the River 
Jordan to the writing, on the Isle of Patmos, of the 
revelations of John. Included in these revelations 
of John was the coming of ''another angel ... in 
the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gos- 
pel. ..." {Revelations 14:6.) On the opposite wall 
is a companion painting which portrays the history 
and development of The Church of Jesus Christ of 
Latter-day Saints from 1820 to the present. 

Just off the long gallery are two motion picture 
theatres, each with a capacity of approximately 225 
people. In these two theatres thousands of visitors 
each day view an impressive motion picture. It is 
the story of "Man's Search for Happiness." Great 
praise for this film is heard. A comment by Dr. 
Norman Vincent Peale is typical: "I will defy any- 
one, however callous, to come unmoved out of the 
Mormon exhibit. They show a marvelous motion 
picture done by topfhght actors that depicts the 
journey of the human soul from birth to immortal- 
ity. So glorious is it that the viewer comes out 
with tears in his eyes, but walking on air." 

Other displays in the long gallery depict, in orig- 
inal paintings and accompanying texts, the organi- 
zation, principles and ordinances of the early Chris- 
tian Church. They also estabUsh the spiritual gifts, 
divine authority, and fruits of reUgion exempHfied 
in the true Church of Christ and in the life of the 
Saviour and His first apostles. Also shown in word 
and picture are the gradual changes which took 
place in the Church after the persecution and death 
of the apostles, events which led to the "dark ages." 
This was an era in which revelation had ceased, 
the heavens were closed, and the Church remained 
Christian in name only. Other events which oc- 
curred in those long days of spiritual darkness 
also are portrayed in picture and text. They include 
the coming of the great Christian reformers, who 
despite heroic efforts to restore to the Church some 
of its original doctrines and powers, must inevitably 
fall short of their mark in the absence of direct 
revelation from heaven. 

The tests which can be applied to the vaHdity of 
Latter-day Saint claims that a divinely authorized 
restoration of Christian practices and principles later 
took place are many. Some of these tests are illus- 
trated in a series of illuminated transparencies. In 

these episodes the true Church of Christ is char- 
acterized by (1) God speaking to His servants 
through visions, dreams, and open revelation, and 
other spiritual gifts; (2) teaching of true principles 
and correct practices, such as faith, repentance, bap- 
tism by immersion for the remission of sins; (3) 
spiritual gifts, including the gift of the Holy Ghost, 
the gift to heal the sick and perform miracles in His 
name; (4) the same authority as that which was 
earlier given by the Saviour to His Twelve to choose 
and ordain their associates and successors; and (5) 
the fruits of true religion — love, peace, long-suffer- 
ing, gentleness, goodness, faith. 

To portray these principles and practices of the 
early Christian Church, original paintings show 
the angel as he appeared in the temple to Zacharias, 
the father of John the Baptist. They show Saul 
near Damascus as the Lord speaks to him in a 
heavenly light. They show the bishops as they pre- 
side over local congregations. They portray or- 
dained seventies, who were sent out "two and two 
before his face. . ." to call people to "repent and be 
baptized. . ." The transparencies also depict Paul 
as he bestows the Holy Ghost on the men of Ephe- 
sus through "the laying on of hands" and the 
anointing with oil by elders of the Church for the 
healing of the sick. Another picture shows the 
choosing of Matthias by the eleven to fiU their 
ranks which were broken by the apostasy of Judas. 
The panels also portray the meaning of pure reli- 
gion as defined by James: "... to visit the father- 
less and the widows in their affUction, and to keep 
himself unspotted from the world." {James 1:27.) 

Visitors next move to the Restoration Room. 
There, facing them in heroic size, is a diorama of 
the Sacred Grove. Young Joseph kneels in prayer 
as he asks for wisdom. At this point the mission- 
ary guides explain that Joseph's prayer was an- 
swered by the appearance of the Father and Son as 
the Father's voice declared: "This is My Beloved 
Son. Hear Him!" 

Before this impressive exhibit the young mis- 
sionaries further explain these remarkable events 
as they bear witness and fervent testimony that 
God lives and that He has again spoken to man. 

Of the millions that come (many out of curiosity) , 
tens of thousands linger and wonder, catching perhaps 
for the first time, a glimpse of the true purpose of 
Ufe and how they may achieve present and eternal 
happiness. Hundreds believe and obey by submit- 
ting to the true order of baptism at the hands of 
authorized servants of the Lord. 

Library File Reference: Fairs. 




by Elbert R. Curtis* 

... Be strong and of good courage; he not afraid, 
neither be thou dismayed: for the Lord thy God is 
with thee whithersoever thou goest. — Joshua 1:9. 

Down through the ages great leaders have sought 
and found strength and courage from the Great 
Giver, our Heavenly Father. 

What courage Noah had, to prepare for the 
flood (building a ship on dry land, probably in the 
face of jeers and sarcasm)! After the prolonged 
period afloat, only eight people were saved; and it 
took a courageous leader to face and measure up to 
this great situation. 

The Lord tested Father Abraham's faith and 
courage. Abraham bound and laid his only son, 
Isaac, upon an altar and stretched forth his hand 
with a knife to slay him. The Lord did "provide His 
own lamb"; and He also made of courageous Abra- 
ham a great leader and richly rewarded him and his 

Moses, reared as a prince, became timid and 
afraid; but he received courage when the Lord as- 
sured him that He would go with him and would 
teach him what he should speak. 

After the death of Moses, Joshua courageously 
led Israel in the numerous wars against the military 
powers of the earth, because of the Lord's assurance 
quoted above. Joshua had the courage then to face 
the world and say, ". . . Choose you this day whom 
ye will serve; . . .but as for me and my house, we will 
serve the Lord." {Joshua 24:15.) 

Samuel the Prophet always had the fortitude to 
say: "Lord, here am I," even when assigned to rebuke 
his king for disobeying the Lord. 

Even the Saviour sought and received strength 
and courage. After He had visited the Garden 
of Gethsemane, He was a different individual, no 
longer filled with sorrow nor any kind of dread; but 
armed with courage He moved bravely, almost ea- 
gerly, forward, to fill His mission. 

(For Course 5, lesson of June 27, "Great Men Seek Truth"; for 
Course 7, lesson of June 27, "President Young Guides the Pioneers 
Westward"; for Course 9, lesson of July 4, "A Leader Has Courage." 
To support Family Home Evening lessons Nos. 15, 16.) 

*Elbert R. Curtis is president of Mountain Finance Company and 
vice-president of Granite National Bank in Salt Lake City; and he 
was instrumental in developing Sugar House Shopping Center, a 
popular suburban commercial area. He has had extensive Church 
activity, having served as a stake president and as general superin- 
tendent of the YMMIA. He is also active in scouting. For 16 years 
he has been on the National Exploring Committee of the Boy Scouts of 
America; and he holds Silver Beaver and Silver Antelope awards. 
His wife, Luceal Rockwood, is mother of their three children. 

Would it not be wonderful if we all had the cour- 
age of the Apostle Paul, who, after his wonderful vi- 
sion, said: "Lord, what wilt thou have me to do!" 
{Acts 9:6.) He gave his own life under the axe 
rather than deny his testimony that Jesus is the 
Christ, the Son of God. 

Nephi received courage from our Father and 
manifested it in his life thereafter. As he approached 
a most difficult task, he said: " I will go and do the 
things which the Lord hath commanded, for I know 
that the Lord giveth no commandments unto the 
children of men, save He shall prepare a way for 
them that they may accomplish the things which He 
commandeth them." {1 Nephi 3:7.) 

Our study of history has taught us of the courage 
of leaders like Joan of Arc, Florence Nightingale, 
George Washington at Valley Forge, Abraham Lin- 
coln, Winston Churchill, and many others. 

When the creation of our inspired constitution 
was getting nowhere — there had been 17 days of use- 
less debates — Benjamin Franklin courageously chal- 
lenged George Washington to have the group humbly 
apply to the "Father of Lights" to illuminate their 

The history of ages and of scores of great leaders 
has demonstrated the absolute truth that we should 
"Counsel with the Lord in all thy doings, and He 
will direct thee for good." 

Just think of the persecution, the days in prison, 
that Joseph Smith, our great latter-day prophet and 
leader, could have been spared; and indeed his life 
could have been saved, had he not been courageous 
enough to "go as a lamb to the slaughter" rather 
than deny what he knew was true. 

President Brigham Young left for his mission to 
England, "sick, penniless, in threadbare clothing, but 
within his breast there was the heart of a lion; a de- 
termination to do or to die." The Lord was prepar- 
ing the prophet who was to succeed Joseph Smith, 
and the man who would lead the chosen people on 
the great trek across the plains. 

Our Heavenly Father in His infinite wisdom se- 
lects those who are to lead His people and meet cru- 
cial situations in the world. He carefully chooses 
those whom He has proven to be unselfish, true, 
sincere, loyal, patient, full of faith, obedient, strong, 

As we prepare ourselves to serve and lead if 
called upon, we can count on Him to stand by us and 
give us sufficient strength and courage, if we but 
follow His directions. 

We sing, and earnestly believe that we can press 
on with "courage, for the Lord is on our side" 

Library File Reference: Courage. 

MAY 1965 



hy Reed H. Bradford 

Remember the worth of souls is great in the 
sight of God; 

For, behold, the Lord your Redeemer suffered 
death in the flesh; wherefore he suffered the pain 
of all men, that all men might repent and come unto 

And he hath risen again from the dead, that he 
might bring all men unto him, on conditions of re- 

And how great is his joy in the soul that re- 
penteth! — Doctrine and Covenants 18:10-13. 

The importance of a human soul, as indicated 
in the scripture quoted above, is one of the cardinal 
principles of the Gospel of Jesus Christ. Our Heav- 
enly Father, the Saviour, and the Holy Ghost are 
constantly doing everything they can to help indi- 
viduals to experience the abundant and joyful life 
which they themselves know. Our Heavenly Father 
is a source of great knowledge and wisdom. He loved 
us so much He was willing to permit His Only Be- 
gotten Son to be crucified so that all of us would 
have an opportunity to return to His presence. The 
Saviour voluntarily gave His life. In addition, He 

(For Course 25, lesson of July 11, "Parental Obligations." To 
support Family Home Evening lessons Nos. 20 and 21; and of general 

taught us the principles which He had learned from 
our Heavenly Father, and He organized the Church. 
The Holy Ghost testifies of our Heavenly Father 
and the Saviour and gives us revelation if we meet 
certain conditions. All of these things contribute 
in fundamental ways to our knowing and experienc- 
ing the abundant life for which we were created. 

In any organization, however, it seems quite 
human and natural for conditions to exist which do 
not contribute to the attainment of this kind of life. 

1. Consider the Family 

Assuming that there are children in the family, 
some individuals are much older and have had a 
different kind of experience than others. Quite na- 
turally, parents often see things from a different 
point of view than their children. Because they love 
their children, parents want their offspring to behave 
in ways which will bring the greatest satisfaction 
to the children. Often, however, parents point out 
misbehavior and mistakes but fail to properly com- 
mend correct behavior. This often causes a feeling 
of resentment on the part of children; and because 
of this resentment, the children do not incorporate 
into their Hves the principles their parents are try- 
ing to teach. 

On the other hand, if their parents could reassure 
them and commend them when they do behave prop- 
erly, children would listen when their mistakes 
are being discussed. Even the manner in which mis- 
takes are pointed out has some bearing on how the 
discussion is received by a child. Instead of saying to 
a child, "No, you can't go outside until you take 
your nap," it is better to say, "You will feel better 
after you take your nap and then you may go out- 
side." It is often better to begin with an honest 
compliment before drawing his attention to an area 
of misbehavior. 

2. Large Families 

In large families, members often live in close 
confinement. This is a real source of irritation. 
Perhaps Father wants to read. Mother is preparing 
a lesson for one of her Church assignments, older 
children are doing their school work, but young 
children do not understand that such assigrmients 
as these require concentration and a quiet atmos- 
phere. It is normal for them to make noise. It is 
normal for them to disagree with one another and 
instead of settHng the disagreement in a calm man- 



Fifth in a Series To Support the Home Evening Program 

ner, they get emotionally upset, cry, and shout at 
each other. 

It would be ideal if people who need to prepare 
assignments could have a place where they would 
not be bothered by such noise. Sometimes, however, 
a family cannot afford a house which contains all 
the desirable space. Under such circumstances, the 
responsibility of the parents is to plan activities so 
as to lessen and minimize the amount of irritation 
that family members will experience when they are 
all together. Perhaps it is possible to let the younger 
children go outside. Perhaps they could play in the 
bedroom or the basement. Or maybe there would be 
a time when all members of the family could relax 

One must, of course, not lose sight of the fact 
that it is important for children to release their 
tensions. At school they may find it difficult to get 
along with children their own age, or maybe they 
are not achieving as well as they would like. When 
they come home at night, they need to find a legiti- 
mate release for these kinds of tensions. One of the 
functions that parents can perform is to have such 
a relationship with their children that their children 
not only feel free to talk to them about their prob- 
lems, but they look forward to it because they know 
they will receive understanding and helpful sugges- 

On the other hand, however, it is an equal 
responsibility of parents to find ways for children to 
release their tensions without "taking it out" in an 
unkind way on other members of the family. One in- 
telligent mother conscientiously taught her children 
to play games that demanded an expenditure of 
energy and could be played outside whenever pos- 
sible. After the children had had vigorous exercise, 
they were not as irritable as they had been. She 
also discovered that it is important to feed them at 
the proper times because hunger itself is a source of 
irritation. She saw to it that they went to bed at 
the proper hour because fatigue contributed to 
their inability to behave properly. 

3. Each Person Is Important 

Each person is a child of his Heavenly Father 
and is an important person in his own right. One 
father, when he comes home at night, conscientiously 
goes to each family member personally and says 

something to him. He and his wife have studied the 
personality of each child and, to some degree, treat 
each child differently depending upon his or her per- 
sonality. They consciously avoid comparing the 
achievements of one child with the achievements of 
another because the ability of one child may not 
permit him to achieve as well as another. 

The great art of living in a family is to achieve 
two important things at the same time. In the first 
place, each individual should be treated as a dis- 
tinct personality. Each person may have some dis- 
tinctive gifts. Every opportunity should be provided 
for him to find the ability to develop these gifts. 
The activities in a family should never be such as 
to stifle the development of any individual member. 
But, in the second place, all family members, by 
having respect for each other, by being sensitive to 
each other's feelings, and by loving each other in an 
unconditional way, should contribute to the growth 
of everyone else. They should think, feel, and act as 
a family. They should be one in the major pur- 
poses of their lives, and one in the spirit which char- 
acterizes their actions. 

I love to go home because of the genuine com- 
panionship I receive from every member of the fam- 
ily. I enjoy hearing about the progress each child is 
making in school. It thrills me to see the new skills 
which they are acquiring. I was amazed when our 
3-year-old Randy said the other night, "I wish 
we could be more quiet. All this noise is giving me 
ulcers." All of us were impressed by this statement 
and tried to respect his wishes. 

I enjoyed reading a poem by our 16-year-old 
daughter, Mary. Ralph asked me to give him a spell- 
ing quiz, and I had no idea that he could spell so 
well. I admire the patience and serenity Sharon has 
with her disabled leg. Marleen and I have a little 
session before she goes to sleep at night in which we 
discuss her problems. Ray delights in demonstra- 
ting his athletic ability, even though he is only six. 
Finally, I am grateful that Shirley, the wife and 
mother in our home, is so concerned about satis- 
fying the needs of all of us. 

"To each his own" means that each person can 
actualize his personality. "To all from each" means 
that the family can experience greater joy through 
the united effort of each and all. 

Library File Reference: Family life. 

MAY 1965 




Cliurcli Building: Program - 
a Missionary Activity 

by Wendell B. MendenhaW 

The inspiration that came to President David O. 
McKay to develop the Church building program in- 
cludes a plan to "build people while building the 
Kingdom." It gives people opportunity to do their 
full share and become a part of the Lord's work. It is 
a great revelation for this day and a vivid manifesta- 
tion of what actually can happen to strengthen 
people and societies. 

Files of the building d'^partment office are filled 
with wonderful letters and clippings telling of testi- 
mony-enriching experiences from those serving in the 
building program in all parts of the world. For in- 
stance, after the building program had been in 
operation in the South Pacific islands for only a 
short time, a letter was received with a newspaper 
clipping which said, in part — "A new type of Ameri- 
can missionary is creating a stir these days. Instead 
of carrying a Bible and tracts, he is armed with 
building tools and blueprints. He is the 'Building 
Missionary.' " Since that time "building mission- 
aries" of many nationalities are invading other lands 
and blessing them with their presence. They are 
conquering with "the weapons of peace" and build- 
ing up rather than destroying. 

A letter from a building supervisor reads: 
"Since receiving our call to serve in the building 
program we have learned the truth of Elder Mark E. 
Petersen's talk at a building conference wherein he 

You know and I know that our program is 
divine. You know and I know that we are led by a 
prophet of the living God. This building program is 
as much a part of the program of the Church as any 
other phase in it. You, too, build the Kingdom of 
God. I hope that every one of you, and especially you 
younger men who have responded as building mis- 
sionaries, realize that you are missionaries. You are 
as much on missions as if you were proselyting 

(For Course 5, lesson of July 11, "Missionaries Are Blessed"; for 
Course 11, lesson of August 1, "Present Missionary System"; for 
Course 13, lesson of August 1 and 8, "How the Gospel Spreads"; for 
Course 29, lesson of July 11, "The True Church, a Missionary Church." 
To support Family Home Evening lesson No. 20.) 

* Brother Wendell B. Mendenhall is chairman of the Church 
Building Committee. 

"We find that we are truly missionaries in every 
sense of the word. Because we have a permanent 
residence in a neighborhood, we can put down roots 
in the community and in the Church program. Our 
children have the challenge and blessing of going to 
schools in different localities at home and abroad. 
Through their efforts scholastically and athletically 
they are also missionaries for the Church. Our ac- 
tions, good or bad, are magnified; and the responsi- 
bility is always with us to be examples of righteous 
living. Our home is the meeting place for countless 
cottage meetings and firesides. We work hand in 
hand with the proselyting missionaries and recently 
have known the great joy of helping to bring con- 
verts into the Church. This mission is the most 
difficult but the most rewarding time of our lives." 

Building supervisors have opportunities to 
preach the Gospel to tradespeople, policemen, pas- 
sersby, and to city officials who come to the projects. 
City counselors and planning officials who once 
questioned our objectives are now helping us obtain 
good properties at reasonable prices. Hundreds of 
young men are learning trades and building Church 
buildings as they gain this valuable knowledge. 

A city engineer said, "This is one of the miracles 
of the ages. Here you have sent a man in here to 
build a chapel, and he has four boys who are only 
17 and 18 years of age who have not known a thing 
about building. In 14 months you have nearly com- 
pleted one of the finest modern chapels I have seen. 
It is a miracle! How can it be done? I must confess, 
it is being done before my eyes." 

One of the greatest challenges and yet one of the 
greatest joys of the building supervisor and his wife 
is to be responsible for the building missionaries. 
These are fine young men, many of them recent con- 
verts, who accept the call for two years and work for 
their board and room, about $1.50 pocket money a 
week, and some incidentals. This program is develop- 
ing them in many ways: 

Physically — the members cook good food; and 
this, combined with physical exercise, mostly out- 



doors as they erect 
the buildings, is de- 
veloping their muscles. 
In many instances they 
are growing out of their 

Mentally — they are receiving 
daily planned classes in the 
Gospel and, in foreign lands, in- 
struction in English. 
Spiritually — they are being fellowshiped 
by their supervisors, the members of the branches, 
and, at times, by proselyting missionaries, as they 
work side by side on the projects. They are develop- 
ing spiritually also as they hold responsible positions 
in branches, wards, and stakes which are preparing 
them to be the future leaders of the Church. Oc- 
casionally they have the privilege of proselyting as 
temporary companions to proselyting missionaries. 
Building missionaries have written many letters 
to their supervisors, their wives, and their children, 
expressing appreciation, respect, and love for them. 
They bear testimony to the truthfulness of the Gos- 
pel and to the joy they have in their work. Typical 
of these letters is the following: "I will not beat 

I am never tired. If I did, I wouldn't be telling the 
truth, because I am tired after my work. Sometimes 
I work at night, too. The devil does tempt me; but, 
I would not swap this work for all the rice in China! 
Once again I repeat that this work is absolutely won- 
derful, and I pray the Lord will give me strength to 
carry it out. This may not be a masterpiece in liter- 
ature; but, by golly, I'm writing it with tears in my 
■ In each country where the building program is 
functioning, a monthly magazine is published which 
is filled with testimony-building experiences and a 
complete record of the progress of the program. 

The buildings themselves — schools, temples, and 
meetinghouses — are also missionaries as they dot the 
landscapes of the world so that the work of the Lord 
can go forward in its fulness with dignity and respect. 

The bonus blessings that come when building 
missionaries and local members apply themselves 
are: unity and pride in accomplishment, new lan- 
guages learned, lasting friendships made, 
understanding of other peoples in their lands and, 
above all, the abiUty to learn and to live more fully 
the Gospel of Jesus Christ. 

As we build churches, we also build people. 

around the bush and say that the work is easy or that Library FHc Reference: Missionaries— Mormon— Labor missionaries. 

Building Missionaries Helped Here 

1. Cheltenham Branch, Southwest British Mission. 

2. Navu Chapel, Western Samoa. 

3. Ayr Branch, Scottish Mission. 

4. Auckland Sixth Ward, Australia. 

MAY 1965 



The Means of Adequately Handling Double 
the Number of Members 

Would Double Sessions be of any advantage to 
the Sunday Schools of your stake? The answer is 
found in your response to these questions: 

1. Is there ample room for additional attendance 
in the worship service? 

2. Are there sufficient classrooms to hold all 
students without overcrowding? 

3. Are some of the classes too large for efficient 

4. Is the Gospel Doctrine class filling the chapel 
and resulting in a lecture? 

5. Is the Junior Sunday School in need of addi- 
tional space? 

These and some other tests, if answered in the 
affirmative, can be corrected by Double Sessions. 
It is not necessary to build a new building to house 
an expanding Sunday School if the building has the 
normal number of classrooms. By incorporating 
Double Sessions in a ward, twice as many classrooms 
become available to the Sunday School. Below is an 
example of how it could work. 

Number of Classrooms Needed (Excluding Junior 
Sunday School) 

Six classrooms are required if the Gospel Doc- 
trine class (Course 27) is divided three ways, and a 
Parent and Child class (Course 25) and Genealogical 
class (Course 21) are also organized. (Junior Sunday 
School rooms are extra.) 


10:00 a.m. 

10:43 a.m. 

Worship Service 

Courses 7, 11, 
15, 21, 27A, 29 

More classrooms will be needed as enrollment 
increases; requiring the dividing of classes to accom- 
modate all members of an age group. If Course 11, 
for example, is too large for one room, the class may 
be divided into Courses llA and IIB, 

Organizing for Two Sunday Schools 

Superintendency : 

Superintendent — School A. 
First Assistant — School B. 
Second Assistant — Junior Sunday School. 

Music: Use of two choristers and two organists in 
Senior Sunday School is optional. 
Chorister and Organist — School A. 
Chorister and Organist— School B. 


Secretary — School A. 
Assistant Secretary — School B. 


Two sets are required, and sacrament service 
should be prepared before Sunday School opens. 
Priests and deacons for each school. 
Two 2 ^^ -minute talks and sacrament gems. 
Different members participating in each session. 

Deseret Book Company, 44 East South Temple 
Street, Salt Lake City, Utah, 84111, will rent to you 
for $2.50 a colored, animated motion picture showing 
how Double Sessions operate. It is called, "Double 
Session." You can obtain this film long enough to 
enable its showing in each ward while you have it in 
your possession. 

Double Sessions eliminates the excuse, "Why go 
to Sunday School? It's too crowded! I can't get in^ 


-General Superintendent George R. Hill. 

Library Pile Reference: Sunday Schools — Mormon— Local leadership, 


Meet in Classrooms 
Open with Prayer 

Courses 9, 13, 17, 25, 

27B, 27C 

10:00 a.m. 

10:43 a.m. 


10:47 a.m. 

11:30 a.m. 


In Chapel 


In Classes 

10:47 a.m. 

11:30 a.m. 




■J i 


■■-':*s:;as«te».» ■■ 

^ fm^' 


Mary and Martha 

By F. Donald Isbell 


Now it came to pass, as they went, that he entered into a certain village: and 
a certain woman named Martha received him into her house. 

And she had a sister called Mary, which also sat at Jesus' feet, and heard 
his word. 

But Martha was cumbered about much serving, and came to him, and said, 
Lord, dost thou not care that my sister hath left me to serve alone? bid her therefore 
that she help me. 

And Jesus answered and said unto her, Martha, Martha, thou art careful and 
troubled about many things: 

But one thing is needful: and Mary hath chosen that good part, which shall 
not be taken away from her. (Luke 10:38'42,) 

Says James E. Talmage: "Both these women were devoted to Jesus, and each 
expressed herself in her own way. Martha was of a practical turn, concerned in 
material service; she was by nature hospitable and self-denying. Mary, contempla- 
tive and more spiritually inclined, showed her devotion through the service of 
companionship and appreciation."^ 

Though Jesus had been invited by Martha and Mary to dine with them in 
their home, He knew that He had more to offer them than they could possibly 
provide for Him. He would eat with them of physical food and would give them a 
spiritual meal in return. Mary showed a willing inclination to accept the Lord's 
spirituality. Martha misjudged the importance of this and complained to her sister 
through Jesus. Martha assumed that the preparation of the food was the most im- 
portant thing at the moment; and, therefore, that Mary should be thusly involved. 
So Jesus replied to Martha, in a manner that did not deny His awareness of 
Martha's efforts, that He approved of Mary's attitude. His reply suggested that He 
would have been pleased with more spirituality from Martha had she offered it. 

1 James E. Talmage, Jesus the Christ, 1957 edition, Deseret Book Company, Salt Lake City, Utah; page 433. 

(Concluded on opposite back of picture.) 



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Mary and Martha 

THE STORY (Continued) 

"We would do well to be as good'hearted and faithful as Martha. But, in the 
practical sense, are not many of us like Martha? We consider that our material con- 
cerns come first, that spirituality should wait. It behooves us to remember what 
Jesus declared early in His ministry: "Man shall not live by bread alone, but by 
every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God," (Matthew 4:4.) 

As to Martha's diligence, it is possible that she was trying too hard, in her way, 
to please the Master. On this subject the Prophet Joseph Smith has stated that 
women, because of their refined feelings and sensitiveness, are ". . . subject to over- 
much zeal, which must ever prove dangerous, and cause them to be rigid in a 
religious capacity — (they) should be armed with mercy, notwithstanding the 
iniquity among us. "2 


The bright colors of this reproduction are striking. There is also another strong 
force of talent in the work. The painter has depicted truthfully and with precision 
the incident as described in Luke 10:38-42. The ability to convey such understand- 
ing so well to one's fellowmen is a gift from the Lord. 

The painter, Christian Dalsgaard, a Danishman, was born in 1824 and died 
in 1907. 

"His dramatic paintings . . . show a keen sense of observation.'*^ Among his 
listed works is The Visit of the Mormons to a Village Carpenter A 

1 Teachings of the Prophet Joseph Smith, selected by Joseph Fielding Smith; Deseret News Press, Salt Lake City, 
Utah, 1938; page 238. 

3 Encyclopedia Americana, Volume III, 1963 edition; Americana Corporation, Washington, D.C.; page 422. 

4 Dictionnaire des Peintres, Sculpteurs, Dessinateurs et Graveurs, Tome 3, 1961 (nouvelle) edition; E. Benezit, 
Libraiiie Grund; page 17. 

(For Course 5, lesson of August 22, "Out of the Abundance of the Heart"; for Course 25, lessons of July 18 
and 25, "Religion and Life"; for Course 29, lesson of August 29, "Why Is Man Here?"; to support Family Home 
Evening lessons Nos. 20, 21, 26; and of general interest.) 

LIBRARY FILE REFERENCE: Jesus Christ — Sermons and teachings. 

In the 
Garden of Gethsemane 

A Flannelboard Story by Marie F. Felt 

It had been a wonderful night, a thrilling night. 
The Twelve had had the privilege of once more being 
in the company of their Lord. It had also been a 
very special night, for Jesus had administered the 
sacrament to them for the very first time. He would 
soon be leaving them, He said; and when He was gone 
they were to do this often in remembrance of Him. 

This night was also a sad one, a tense one, one in 
which everyone was very much upset and concerned; 
for Jesus had said that one of the Twelve, one of His 
very choice helpers, would betray Him. So surprised 
were they, that they began to question Him, "Lord, 
is it I?'* "Is it I?" 

Jesus knew who planned to betray Him, and so 
did the person who was going to do it. Then Judas 
Iscariot, who tried to act as innocent as the others, 
said, "Master, is it I?" 

Jesus answered, "Thou hast said.'* {Matthew 26: 
25.) Then He said to Judas, "That thou doest, do 
quickly." (John 13:27.) But the disciples did not 
know what Jesus meant by this. They thought that 
since Judas had the bag which contained the money 
belonging to the group, he was to buy some things 
they needed for the feast, or that he was to give 
something to the poor. 

But Judas knew what Jesus meant, and "He . . . 
went immediately out: and it was night." (John 13: 
30.) [End of Scene /.] 

Shortly after this, when Jesus and the eleven 
remaining apostles had finished their meal, they sang 
a hymn and then went to the Mount of Olives. At 
the foot of this mount was a very special place called 
the Garden of Gethsemane: a quiet, peaceful place, 
with many trees — olive, fig, and pomegranate — to 
shade and beautify it. We are told that Jesus went 
there often to think and also to pray. 

On this particular night, Jesus knew what would 
happen to Him, but He was also concerned about 

(For Course 3, lessons of July 25 and August 29, "We Are Com- 
manded To Pray" and "When We Believe, We Obey"; for Course 5, 
lesson of August 1, "Heavenly Father and Jesus Christ"; and for 
Course 17, lesson of June 13, "Mission of Jesus Christ." To support 
Family Home Evening lessons Nos. 14-18.) 

His disciples. He wondered what the happenings of 
the next few days would do to them. How strong and 
loyal would they be? He tried to prepare them, but 
they seemed not to understand. 

As they reached the entrance to the Garden, 
Jesus said to eight of the disciples, "Sit ye here, 
while I go and pray yonder. And he took with him 
Peter and the two sons of Zebedee [James and 
John]." (Matthew 26:36, 37.) These were the three 
that Jesus seemed to love and trust most, and on this 
night He needed such friends as these. [End of 
Scene 11. ] 

After they had gone a little farther into the Gar- 
den, Jesus told them how troubled and sorrowful He 
felt. ". . . Even unto death," He said. Then He asked 
a special favor of them. "Tarry [wait] ye here, and 
watch with me," He said. "And He went a little 
further and fell on his face, and prayed, saying, my 
Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: 
nevertheless, not as I will, but as thou wilt." 
(Matthew 26:38, 39.) 

Jesus knew what was going to happen. He knew 
that He would be killed. He knew that this must be, 
according to the plan of our Heavenly Father, and 
the Lord had wiUingly offered to be the one to make 
this sacrifice. However, as the time for this to happen 
drew near, the agony and the suffering that He would 
go through was more than He could bear without the 
blessing, the love, and the comfort of His Heavenly 
Father. It was really for this that He prayed. 

Then He arose and went back to His friends, only 
to find them asleep; and He was disappointed. In 
kindness He reproved them, saying, "WTiat, could ye 
not watch with me one hour?" (Matthew 26:40.) 

Then He went away a second time to pray. Fer- 
vently and earnestly He pleaded, "0 my Father, if 
this cup may not pass away from me, except I drink 
it, thy wiU be done." (Matthew 26:42.) No matter 
what the cost. He was willing to do the will of the 
Father. . 

When He returned to Peter, James, and John, 
He again found them asleep; but this time He did not 

MAY 1965 


waken them. They were truly tired, He knew. 

"And He left them, and went away again, and 
prayed the third time, saying the same words." 
(Matthew 26:44.) [End of Scene 77/.] 

This time when He returned, He thought at first 
to let them rest longer; but that was not to be. 
Even at this very moment, Judas, one of the Twelve, 
was coming toward Him, so the Lord told His 
apostles to arise. With Judas came a great crowd of 
people, armed with swords and staves. (Staves are 
staffs or long sticks.) [End of Scene 7V.] 

Now Judas had told the high priests and elders 
that "Whomsoever I shall kiss, that same is he: hold 
him fast. And forthwith he came to Jesus, and said, 
Hail, master; and kissed him." (Matthew 26:48, 49.) 

Jesus then asked Judas why he had come, but 
the crowd left no time for an answer. They came and 
laid their hands on Jesus and took Him. Simon Peter 
drew his sword and struck a servant of one of the 
high priests and cut off his right ear. Jesus told His 
chief apostle to put up his sword. That was not the 
right thing to do, nor the way He wanted them to 
behave. He said, "Thinkest thou that I cannot now 
pray to my Father, and he shall presently give me 
more than twelve legions of angels?" (Matthew 26: 

Then He explained to them that what was hap- 
pening must be, since it was the plan of the Father, 
and that the prophecies found in the scriptures must 
be fulfilled. [End of Scene V.] 

But Judas had done wrong, and he knew it. In 
great sorrow he went to the chief priests and the 
elders. He wanted to return the money they had 
given him. He told them he had lied and that Jesus 
had done no wrong, but the chief priests and elders 
did not care what Judas had to say now. They would 
not even take the money back. 

Judas felt so ashamed and so heartbroken over 
what he had done that he went out and hanged him- 
self. He knew he had betrayed the Son of God and 
his very best friend. [End of Scene VL] 

Order of Episodes: 

Scene I: 

Scenery: The upper room in which the Last Supper was 

Action: Jesus is seen with the other apostles as they each 
ask, "Is it I?" (NT86 and 92.) 
Scene II: 

Scenery: The Garden of Gethsemane. 

Action: Jesus (NT87) is seen talking with Peter, James, 
and John. (NT89.) 
Scene III: 

Scenery: Same as Scene II. 

Action: On one side of the flannelboard, Jesus (NT88) 
is seen praying. On the other side Peter, James, 
and John are asleep. (NT90.) Jesus comes to find 
them. He reproves them and then returns to pray. 
This is repeated a second and third time. 
Scene IV: 

Scenery: Same as Scene II. 

Action: As Jesus returns for the third time, (NT87) 
He arouses the apostles (NT89), since He sees 
Judas and a great crowd of people coming toward 
Him. He knows that there is trouble ahead. 
Scene V: 

Scenery: Same as Scene II. 

Action: Judas (NT92) approaches and kisses Jesus. 
Jesus is taken by the leaders of the mob. (NT91.) 
Scene VI: 

Scenery: An indoor scene. 

Action: Judas, grief stricken, tries to return the money 
he has received. It is refused. (NT93.) 

Scene 1 

Scene 2 

Scene 3 

Scene 4 

Library Pile Reference: Jesus Christ — Gethsemane and Arrest. 

How To Present the Flannelboard Story: 

Characters and Props Needed For This Presentation Are: 

Jesus and His apostles at the Last Supper. (NT86 and 92.) 
Jesus in standing position. (NT87.) 
Jesus in the act of prayer. (NT88.) 
Peter, James, and John in standing position. (NT89.) 
Peter, James, and John as they sleep. (NT90.) 
Soldiers and crowd approaching. (NT91.) 
As others look on, Judas (NT92) kisses Jesus. 
Judas, in grief and sorrow, tries to return the money to the 
high priests. (NT93.) 

Scene 5 

Scene 6 



Junior Sunday School 




by Hazel F. Young 

Frequent, systematic review of Gospel learning 
helps to insure its application into daily living. Good 
teachers, therefore, use this teaching technique reg- 
ularly. Some are' concerned, however, with wanting 
to make review as challenging as a fresh bit of lesson 
material. "How might this be done?" is frequently 
asked. Here are just a few suggested ways for mak- 
ing review lessons interesting: 

(1) Use pictures to stimulate recall of Gospel 
concepts. For example: 

(a) Display a large picture on an easel or display 
board. Ask the children to tell the lesson story which 
accompanies it. Display another picture and con- 
tinue on in the same manner. 

(b) Display four or more large pictures. Begin 
telling a story from a lesson of the previous month. 
Let children identify picture which illustrates the 

(c) Display several large pictures. Let children 
draw from a box little slips of paper on which are 
written concepts from various lessons. Let children 
match the statements with pictures displayed. 

(d) Display pictures which children have created 
themselves as part of the activity period of the les- 
son. Allow each child to tell the story of his own cre- 

(2) Use written exercises to stimulate recall 
of Gospel learnings. (This, of course, needs to be 
adapted to the reading ability of class members.) 

■ For example: 

(a) Prepare thought-provoking questions. Write 
them on slips of paper and deposit in a box. Let each 
child draw a question and give a response. 

(b) Prepare sentences which need to be com- 
pleted with one or more words. Let children choose 
correct response for each sentence from list of possi- 
ble answers. 

, (c) Complete an unfinished outline of a map. 
Then the story of the map can be told. 

(d) Match names of characters with ideas from 

(3) Use dramatic play and pantomime to stimu- 
late recall of previous lessons. For example: 

(a) Divide class into small groups. Assign a spe- 
cific lesson to each group. Let them be creative in 
"acting out" the story without using words. Let 
other members of the class guess which lesson they 
are presenting. 

(b) Let each child select from a box, a slip of 
paper showing the name of a character in one of the 
stories. Let each one pantomime some action of this 
character until someone guesses his name. 

Be creative in your approach to review lessons. 
They can be made interesting. 

Library File Reference: Teachers and teaching. 

MAY 1965 



Honoring Visiting 

Ward superintendents may have 
felt concern regarding proper rec- 
ognition of visiting authorities or 
other distinguished visitors. This 
is a very important concern and 
should be appropriately handled. 

When visiting authorities or 
other distinguished visitors are 
present at the worship service, they 
should be greeted and invited to 
take a place on the stand. Such 
visitors would include the stake 
presidency, a member of the high 
council on an official visit, the 
stake Sunday School superintend- 
ency, and the stake board. Any 
member of the General Authori- 
ties, General Sunday School Su- 
perintendency, and members of the 
Deseret Sunday School Union 
General Board should also be in- 
vited personally to the stand. The 
governor of the state, a United 
States legislator, the president of 
a university, the state superintend- 
ent of public instruction, and 
possibly some others are distin- 
guished visitors when in attend- 
ance as visitors at the worship 
service. These visitors should be 
recognized as being in attendance. 
(See Sunday School Handbook^ 
page 31.) 

Visiting authorities and distin- 
guished visitors in attendance at 
the worship service should be rec- 
ognized by name and office. It is 
customary for stake board mem- 
bers to stand as they are intro- 
duced, enabling those present to 
recognize the visitor. Ordinarily 
these brethren and sisters are 
not asked to speak in the worship 
service. An exception is made at 
ward Sunday School conference 
and upon occasion when there is 
no reassembly of the Sunday 
School. If time is taken from the 

worship service for speaking, or- 
dinarily it should be for a very 
brief message that is one of im- 

Proper courtesy should be 
shown visiting authorities and dis- 
tinguished visitors in the reassem- 
bly of the Sunday School. A brief 
message from Church authorities 
is often desirable to acquaint 
members of the ward with their 
leaders. The superintendent, in 
consultation with the senior 
authority involved, should deter- 
mine who, if any, should speak. 
"It is assumed that no visitor will 
accept an invitation to speak un- 
less he has a real, worthwhile mes- 
sage." (See Sunday School Hand- 
book, page 34.) 

The annual Sunday School 
ward conference is under direction 
of the stake presidency and the 
stake Sunday School superintend- 
ent. The ward superintendency, 
in the absence of the bishopric, 
should greet visiting authorities 
and invite them to the stand. In 
the absence of the bishopric the 
superintendent should discuss 
with the visiting authority his 

Answers to Your Questions 

wishes concerning the order of ex- 
ercises for songs and prayers, ad- 
vising the visiting authority of the 
names of the chorister and organ- 
ist. The ward superintendency 
only assists as directed by the vis- 
iting authority, if at all. It is 
suggested that classes be held as 
usual. However, brief talks from 
visiting officers may be given in 
lieu of the regular 2 ^-minute talks 
and the hymn practice, at the dis- 
cretion of the visiting authority. 

When the ward superintend- 
ency knows in advance of prospec- 
tive visitors at Sunday School from 
among the stake presidency, Gen- 
eral Authorities, or General Board, 
it is always deemed a mark of 
courtesy and respect to offer 
transportation if desired by the 
visitor. Such a courtesy is entirely 
at the discretion of the ward su- 

It is a mark of effective con- 
ducting to give the correct names 
and accurate designation of the 
offices held by visitors. 

— Superintendent 
Lynn S. Richards. 

Who Receives the Sacrament First? 

Q. Who should receive the sac- 
rament first, the bishop or the 
stake Sunday School superintend- 
ent on an official visit? — Yakima 

A. The stake Sunday School 
superintendent is not a presiding 
authority. He acts only in an ex- 
officio capacity. Therefore, bishops 
should receive the sacrament be- 
fore any Sunday School leaders, 
superintendencies, or board mem- 
Who Orders Forms 1 and 3? 

Q. Does the Stake Sunday 

School superintendency order 
Forms 1 and 3 for ward secretar- 
ies, or do secretaries order them, 
or are they sent automatically from 
the Deseret Sunday School Un- 
ion office? — Yakima Stake. 

A. These forms are sent auto- 
matically to the stakes from the 
general Sunday School office. If 
they have not been received in 
sufficient numbers, stakes should 
advise the general secretarjr^s 
office of that fact 

— General Superintendency. 



Memorized Recitations 

For July 4, 1965 

Scriptures listed below should 
be memorized by students from 
Courses 11 and 17 during May and 
June. Students should then re- 
cite, in unison, scriptures for their 
respective class during the Sunday 
School worship service of July 4, 

Course 11: 

(These scriptures from the Old 
Testament tell of the coming 
forth of the Book of Mormon.) 

"The word of the Lord came 
again unto me, saying, Moreover, 

Th« Vinsdom of Washington 

On the Booker T. Washington mon- 
ument, situated on the campus of Tus- 
kegee Institute, are carved these words, 
which he frequently expressed: "We 
shall prosper in proportion as we learn 
to dignify and glorify labor and put 
brains and skill into the common occu- 
pations of Ufe. There is no defense or 
security for any of us except in the 
highest intelligence and development of 

^Sunshine Magazine, March, 1965, page 12. 

thou son of man, take thee one 
stick, and write upon it. For Judah, 
and for the children of Israel his 
companions: then take another 
stick, and write upon it. For Jo- 
seph, the stick of Ephraim, and for 
all the house of Israel his compan- 
ions: And join them one to another 
into one stic'k; and they shall be- 
come one in thine hand." 

—Ezekiel 37:15-17. 

Course 17: 

(John records Jesus' teaching 
regarding the many degrees of 
glory in salvation.) 

"Let not your heart be trou- 
bled: ye believe in God, believe 
also in me. In my Father's house 
are many mansions: if it were not 
so, I would have told you. I go to 
prepare a place for you." 

—John 14:1, 2. 


May 9, 1965 
Mother's Day 


(Our Cover) 

The sign reads, "Man's 
Search for Happiness. Mor- 
mon Pavilion. Welcome!" 
Behind that small directive is 
a massive, awe-inspiring edi- 
fice, which was "built upon 
the foundation of the apos- 
tles and prophets." It has 
already attracted many mil- 
lions of tourists from all over 
the world. Its design is func- 
tional and abreast of the 
times, yet it is not ultramod- 
ern. A color photo of that 
heaven-reaching, ornate, yet 
simple replica of the facade 
of the Salt Lake Temple is 
appropriately featured on this 
month's cover of The Instruc- 

— Richard E. Scholle. 

(For Course 11, lessons of August 1 
and 8, "Present Missionary System" 
and "Temples"; for Course 13, lesson 
of August 1, "How the Gospel Spreads"; 
for Course 29, lesson of July 11, "True 
Church, a Missionary Church" ; and of 
general interest.) 

Library File Reference: Fairs. 

The Deseret Sunday School Union 

Geobge R. Hili., General Suverintendent 
David Lawrence McKay, First Assistant General Superintendent; Lynn S. Richards, Second Assistant General Superintendent; 
Wallace F. Bennett, General Treasurer; Paul B. Tanner, Assistant General Treasurer; Richard E. Folland, General Secretary 


George R. Hill 
David L. McKay 
Lynn S. Richards 
Wallace F. Bennett 
Richard E. Folland 
Lucy G. Sperry 
Marie F. Felt 
Gerrit de Jong, Jr. 
Earl J. Glade 
A. William Lund 
Kenneth S. Bennion 
J. Holman Waters 
H. Aldous Dixon 
Leland H. Monson 
Alexander Schreiner 
Loma C. Alder 
A. Parley Bates 

William P. Miller 
Vernon J. LeeMaster 
Claribel W. Aldous 
Eva May Green 
Melba Glade 
Addie L. Swapp 
W. Lowell Castleton 
Henry Eyring 
Carl J. Christensen 
Hazel F. Young 
Florence S. Allen 
Beth Hooper 
Asahel D. Woodruff 
Frank S. Wise 
Clair W. Johnson 
Delmar H. Dickson 
Clarence Tyndall 

Wallace G. Bennett 
Addie J. Gilmore 
Camille W. Halliday 
Margaret Hopkinson 
Mima Rasband 
Edith M. Nash 
Minnie E. Anderson 
Alva H. Parry 
Bernard S. Walker 
Harold A. Dent 
Paul B. Tanner 
Catherine Bowles 
Raymond B. Holbrook 
Joseph Fielding Smith. Jr. 
Lorin F. Wheelwright 
Fred W. Schwendiman 

Lewis J. Wallace 
Clarence E. Wonnacott 
Lucy Picco 
Arthur D. Browne 
J. Roman Andrus 
Howard S. Bennion 
Herald L. Carlston 
O. Preston Robinson 
Robert F. Gwilliam 
Dale H. West 
Bertrand F. Harrison 
Willis S. Peterson 
Greldon L. Nelson 
Thomas J. Parmley 
Jane L. Hopkinson 
Oliver R. Smith 

G. Robert Ruff 
Anthony I. Bentley 
Mary W. Jensen 
John S. Boyden 
Golden L. Berrett 
Marshall T. Burton 
Edith B. Bauer 
Elmer J. Hartvigsen 
Donna D. Sorensen 
Calvin C. Cook 
A. Hamer Reiser 
Robert M. Cundick 
Clarence L. Madsen 
J. Elliot Cameron 
Bertrand A. Childs 
James R. Tolman 

Richard L. Evans, Howard W. Hunter, Advisers to the General Board 

MAY 1965 


First in the Series of 1965 Teacher Improvement Articles on the theme, 
"Jesus, the Master Teacher" 

Jesus Taught People 

by Lowell L. Bennion* 

Introduction to Series 

Jesus the Christ was more than a great teacher. 
He was the Son of God, the Saviour and Redeemer of 
mankind, the Author of our salvation. But, let it also 
be remembered that He was a teacher, one who 
brought honor and distinction to the teaching pro- 
fession. His words are remembered and quoted by 
scholars and saints aUke. In His day and through the 
ages countless numbers of human beings have been 
reborn from sin to righteousness, from despair to 
hope, and from shallow living to self-fulfillment 
through contact with His spirit and teaching. 

Readers of these pages, disciples of the Master, 
do not share with Jesus His divine role as the Son of 
God, but we are, even as He, teachers. For every 
man, whether he wills it or not — ^by his silence, in- 
difference, as well as by word and deed — is a teacher. 
This calling we share with Him. 

It is the intent of this series of articles to examine 
Jesus' art of teaching. What are some of the secrets 
of His effectiveness? What can be learned of Him to 
improve our own quality of teaching. This is our 
task. It is aimed to be more provocative than ex- 
haustive, for who can explain or describe the full 
wonder of His noble art? 

Jesus Taught People 

In educational circles much has been said about 
two kinds of teaching: subject-matter-centered and 
student-centered. The first places emphasis on con- 
tent, on what is taught; the second, on the life of the 
student, on his emotional and social well-being, as 
well as on his intellectual comprehension. 

These two emphases need not be mutually ex- 
clusive, particularly in the field of religion. Teach- 
ing that is not meaningful to the student is utterly 
wasted. On the other hand, there can be no genuine 
growth in his life without substance, without learn- 

Jesus blended these two traditions beautifully in 
His art of teaching. In His proverbs, parables, dia- 
logues, and Sermon on the Mount there is profund- 
ity, much food for thought. And yet, coupled with 
this richness of content is this awareness of whom 

He was teaching. His ideas, emphases, 
and even His tone seem to have been se- v 
lected in the interest of His listeners. Like ' 
a physician, He drew from His medicine bag ^/| 
— from His treasury of ideas — that which was 
particularly appropriate for His hearers at the 
moment. He did more than teach the Gospel. 
He taught His Gospel to people. Even more ac- 
curately, He taught Peter, James, and John, the 
rich young ruler, scribes and Pharisees, Martha, and 
Nicodemus. In some of the future articles, consider- 
ation will be given to the content of His teaching; 
in this one emphasis will be placed on its application 
to those whom He taught. 

Jesus did not give the same lesson to everyone, 
any more than a physician prescribes the same treat- 
ment for all of his patients. The doctor draws upon 
the same basic fund of information in all of his work, 
but his specific application of knowledge and skill is 
determined by the condition of his patient. That 
Jesus thought of Himself as a physician of the soul 
is clear from His own words. When Pharisees ob- 
jected to His eating with publicans and sinners, He 

. . . They that be whole need not a physician, but 
they that are sick . . . for I am not come to call the 
righteous, but sinners to repentance," {Matthew 9: 
12, 13.) 

That the Saviour's specific prescriptions to 
Pharisees, sinners, and disciples have application to 
us as well is proof that in most men there is hypoc- 
risy, sin, and fear, as well as aspiration to do right 

An Illustration 

In John 8:1-11 is a classic example of how Jesus 
adapted His teaching to the needs of the persons 
present. A woman taken in sin was brought before 
Him by Pharisees who had no feeling for her well- 
being but were using her as a means to the end of 
beguiling the Saviour to speak words of self-con- 
demnation. They said, "Now Moses in the Law 

*Dr. Lowell L. Bennion is associate dean of students at the 
University of Utah. He was author of the "Jesus the Christ" series 
which was used during 1964 as the teacher supplement material in 
Course No. 26. He won his doctorate in 1933 from the University 
of Strasbourg. 



by Dale Kilboum. 

commanded us, that such should be stoned: but what 
sayest thou?" 

This account is teeming with people. We visual- 
ize it as though it were on a stage. We see the 
woman, doubly shamed by her own guilt and by 
public exposure; the Pharisees justifiably opposed to 
adultery but even more preoccupied apparently with 
their opposition to Jesus; and then JesuS; highly 
sensitive to the feelings of both the woman and her 
accusers. Perhaps there were others looking on to 
see what He would do. 

What a teaching moment presented itself in this 
instance! Jesus was faced with several alternatives. 
Had He been subject-matter minded, He could have 
expounded eloquently on the evils of adultery and 
upheld the Law of Moses. For His insight into the 
meaning thereof was far deeper than that indicated 
in the Law of Moses. (See Matthew 5:27, 28.) Or 
He might have used the occasion to condemn the 
woman for her sin or to preach repentance to her. 
In various ways. He might have displayed His own 
knowledge of the law and the prophets. 

Judging from the story it appears that there was 
one thing more important to Jesus than the law for- 
bidding adultery, and that was the inner life of the 
woman before Him. He hated adultery, but He 
loved her. He must have been keenly aware of her 
spiritual need at the moment. Already humbled by 

the Pharisees, she needed "faith unto re- 

Hence, He drew from His understanding 
of the Gospel, from His "medical kit," those 
principles which she needed to change her 
life. At the same time He also, in simple but 
dramatic fashion, enabled the Pharisees to see 
their own self-righteousness which blinded them 
in their sins. To them He said, "He that is with- 
out sin among you, let him first cast a stone at her." 
And then to the woman, he said, ". . . Hath no 
man condemned thee?" 

"She said. No man, Lord. And Jesus said unto 
her, Neither do I condemn thee: go, and sin no 

Read one of the Gospels. Follow the Master 
Teacher from place to place and observe how people 
were the focal point of His interest. Note how 
He spoke to them in the framework of their ex- 
perience and their need. Mark how they were af- 
fected, how they became involved in what He was 
saying, as well as in a relationship with Him. 

And Jesus, walking by the sea of Galilee, saw two 
brethren, Simon, called Peter, and Andrew his 
brother, casting a net into the sea: for they were 
fishers. And He saith unto them, Follow me, and I 
will make you fishers of men. (Matthew 4:18-19.) 

He was sensitive to the touch of faith by a 
woman, ill for 12 years, whereas His disciples beheld 
only the multitude. (See Mark 5:24-34.) The 
climax to the parable of the Prodigal Son illustrates 
the profound concern Jesus had for people: 

It was meet that we should make merry, and be 
glad: for this thy brother was dead, and is alive 
again; and was lost, and is found. (Luke 15:32.) 

In His Steps— Application 


1. Teachers, what kind of boys and girls, men and 
women, are in your class? 

2. Without mentioning names, what are some of their 
spiritual needs? 

3. As you prepare your next lesson, which need of 
whom are you going to try to meet through which principle 
of the Gospel? 

A teacher had a youth in his class who came to 
him after Sunday School to tell him how slow, 
stupid, and "not much account" he was. And the 
lad was quite convincing. It just happened that the 
next week the subject was to be eternal progression 
— that quite unique and most promising principle of 
the Restored Gospel. The teacher had been thinking 
of it in theological terms, in its grand and glorious 
eternal view of life. 

(Concluded on page 197.) 

MAY 1965 



An Article To Support the Quarterly Stake Conference 

by Anthony /. Bentley 

As the Apostle Paul seems to have known when 
he wrote to the Romans, life is an overflowing fulness 
of joy and enriched experience for us when we achieve 
a partnership with God. (See Romans 8:28.) It is 
through our trust and hope in Jesus Christ that 
this relationship is established. 

Without the "Good News" or Gospel of the Son, 
man is not able to know God: existence in this so- 
called veil of tears lacks meaning and purpose; it is 
ambiguous and frustrating, full of hardships and 
suffering. But through the ministry of Jesus among 
men, we are able to identify ourselves with our divine 
Father and His purposes. 

With our hope and trust in the Son of God as the 
earth's organizer under the Father, we see that all 
things will eventually unite to bring about God's 
aims for us. By faith that "all things work together 
for good," we are able to meet each event and situa- 
tion with the adventurous, participating spirit of 
true Christians. Thus we continue to aspire god- 
ward and to live in full faith that all these goals 
and values are real and possible, without being pub- 
licly and immediately able to prove them so. 

At the risk of our human contribution being 
inadequate because we fail to rely on God, our effort 
is to achieve joy in this life and growth toward eter- 
nal life for ourselv^ and others. Experience confirms 
that we have been placed in a world of orderly, co- 
operative opposition; that for those who love God 
and respond according to His purposes, all things do 
work together for the realization of our potentialities. 
This is particularly true when we act and serve as 
free agents, for "the furtherance of the gospel," rath- 
er than merely react to the whims of passing circum- 
stance without plan, purpose, or preparation, 

A Full Life Requires Service fo Others 

The merit of our participation with God lies not 
in any possible fame or headline. It is in the ventur- 
ous emergence of the soul out of its egocentric con- 
fines. Quite properly, for survival after birth, we 

(For Course 13, lessons of June 6-20, "Service"; for Course 17, 
lesson of August 29, "The Church — Its Nature and Place"; for 
Course 25, lesson of July 11, "Parental Obligation"; for Course 29, 
lesson of August 29, "Why Is Man Here?" To support Family Home 
Evening lessons Nos. 17-20; and of general interest.) 

are very attentive to our own childish needs; but the 
achievement of a mature self and personality comes 
through response to others. We grow by subcon- 
sciously trying to please those around us, especially 
the significant others such as mother, father, and, 
eventually, God. This lays a foundation for the 
good life. 

No one Uves fully by seeking directly and self- 
ishly to be filled, but by the meaning, purpose, and 
courage with which he meets life. We are praise- 
worthy before God to the degree that our pure love 
brings us into interaction with others and service 
to them, thereby enlarging the spirit and enriching 
our experience. 

In keeping with the 1964 theme, "We'll Keep a 
Welcome," a teacher was giving of himself to extend 
understanding and encouragement to a struggling 
student, a recent convert. His sharing of her prob- 
lems brought relief and radiance to the girl's face. 
With deep, controlled emotion she said, "I've never 
been so happy and had so little of what used to be 
important to me as since I joined the Church. At 
first this was because my family disowned me for 
my decision. It has been a lonely struggle, but the 
Lord has blessed me. Now my parents are members. 
However, as the news of their conversion spread in 
our hometown, they lost their business. I can't ex- 
pect very much support from them. But I have 
never known more security and fulness of joy. 
Good things are always happening in my life now." 
The teacher took a cue from this, and during the 
day, with their sense of partnership in God's work, 
both found additional happiness and peace. 

Even God Is Not Alone 

It was a great truth spoken in the Garden of 
Eden when the Lord said, "It is not good that 
the man should be alone. . . .''' (Genesis 2:18.) In 
its context the statement referred to the proposal to 
give an helpmeet to the first man, but the mean- 
ing goes to the heart of human nature and existence. 
Both man and God need association and inter- 
communication with others to achieve the happy 
and full living for which we exist. 

More and more we are recognizing the wise 



provision of our 
Heavenly Father 
to have His spirit 
children bom into 
families. We are, 
of all creatures, 
the most depend- 
ent at the time of 
our birth into this 
world. And yet no 
other creatures 
have the high des- 
tiny of man. Even 
so, man's realiza- 
tion of his possibilities depends on a favorable social 
environment and his wholesome response to each life 
situation. Experienced parents foster these achieve- 

It was partly for this purpose (of promoting the 
infant's growth toward his potentialities within a 
group structure and climate of love) that Eve was 
given to Adam. For no human maturity, no drawing 
of the individual out of his egocentricity, no trans- 
cending of his original nature, can be achieved 
without interaction and love. The humanization 
and development of the child toward an overflowing 
wholeness of living happens most naturally in his 
own attentive family. 

We Abound through Jesus Christ 

Life is more abundant for the true disciple of 
Christ because acceptance of the Son and also the 

Father of our spirits solves many of life's riddles. 
Jesus shares His light, love, power, and other quali- 
ties with us in order that we may have righteous 
control over ourselves and our enviroimient. We 
are able again to have companionship with Deity 
through the Spirit and become sons and heirs of God. 
Jehovah has renewed the everlasting covenant 
with us as ministers in the home and kingdom, as 
parents, teachers, and leaders. If we will lose our- 
selves. Moreover, those we help will call us blessed 
children of God. We will come back into God's 
presence. Our adventurous faith will have fulfilled 
our hopes and possibilities. 

Suggestions for Group Discussion 

1. How does your experience support the idea that we 
find our greatest joy and development in those proj- 
ects in which we participate with others? 

2. How do God's gifts, such as free agency, faith, and 
love for family and all mankind, fit into the Gospel 
plan for our development through participation? 

3. (Recalling 1 Nephi 8; 15:21-36; 2 Nephi 2:25) If 
Lehi eind Nephi saw life as a "field" of (a) joyous, 
abundant living by participation with God, in con- 
trast to opposites of (b) proud vanity on the one 
hand and (c) filthy wickedness on the other, how near 
to your experience does this interpretation come? 

4. What do these facts imply for the teaching and rear- 
ing of children? 

5. What does the concept of "full living" imply for 
family hours, lessons, daily experience? 

6. List ways to create a climate of love and true unity 
in the home and classroom. 

7. W^hat is the importance of happy home life for stu- 
dents and teachers if they are to abound in God's 

8. How are teaching and service indirect source of life's 

Library File Reference: God and man. 


{Concluded from page 195.) 

Now he was confronted with a human being, 
self-depreciating, discouraged, afraid to take the 
first step towards eternal progression. Without dis- 
crediting the principle in its eternal aspect in the 
least, the teacher realized that he must bring this 
principle down to earth and give the young brother 
a feeling for it now. In his preparation, the teacher 
found a charming story of the life of a lad who was 
bom unwanted and reared by an unloving mother, 
laughed at by his schoolmates, treated as a work- 
horse by his fellow townsmen, but who emerged heroic 
in physical strength, moral courage, and compassion. 
The teacher told the story with his discouraged 
Sunday School student in mind. The young man 

was the target, the story the arrow, and eternal pro- 
gression the bow. After class the young man came 
to his teacher and said, "I'm the leading character in 
that story." Today he is holding a responsible posi- 
tion in industry, serving in a bishopric, and enjoying 
his role of husband and father. 

This young man is no exception. Everyone in 
our classes is hungering and thirsting for someone to 
help him become aware of and satisfy his spiritual 
need. Jesus knew how to do this in a masterful way. 
From Him we, too, can begin to learn how to make a 
difference in the lives of those whom we teach. 

Library File Reference: Teachers and teaching. 

MAY 1965 


Hymns of Prophecy 
and Pioneering 

Senior Sunday School Hymn for the Month of July 

Hymn: "Zion Stands with Hills 
Surrounded"; author, John Thomas 
Kelly; composer, A. C. Smyth; Hymns 
— Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day 
Saints, No. 212. 

The author of this wonderful 
hymn was not a Latter-day 
Saint; he was born too early. 
The hills he knew were the hills 
of emerald Ireland in the eight- 
eenth century. He wrote over 
700 fervent hymns, among them 
"On the mountain's top appear- 
ing, Lo, the sacred herald 
stands"; "See from Zion's sa- 
cred mountain, streams of living 
water flow"; and many others 
that looked forward to the 
brighter day when the Lord's 
purposes would be opened up 
before the dawn of the great 
millennial mom. What a poetic 
seer he was! What yearning 
and looking forward to God's 
latter-day Zion he must have had! 
It seems almost as if Judge KeUy 
had a preview of the Lord's revela- 
tion: "Zion shall flourish upon the 
hills and rejoice upon the moun- 
tains. ..." (Doctrine and Coven- 
ants 49:25.) 

To the Chorister: 

You and I know very well 
that we are living today with 
the "marvelous work and a won- 
der" in our very hands. What are 
we waiting for? Let us not sit back 
in relaxation, singing a mumbUng 
bass. We are singing a hymn to 
the Most High; and the message 
is in the words, not in the music. 
We should sing this message with 
pride in our hearts, with thanks- 
giving, and with a militant spirit. 

Are the women singing alto be- 
cause it is easier, less strenuous? 
They should consider the glory of 
the hymn itself, and they will 
gladly forget the musical para- 

phernalia which accompanies it. 
They will wish to sing the mes- 
sage at the top power of their 
voices. This melody is not too 
high for anyone. 

John Thomas Kelly merely 
looked hopefully forward to the 
present day. We are right in it, 
and we know this beyond any 
doubt. So, "Rise up, men of 
God! Have done with lesser 
things. Give heart and soul and 
mind and strength to serve the 
King of Kings."^ 

Our own Brother A. C. Smyth 
wrote this stirring music. He 
served the Church well in various 
capacities, including that of re- 
corder in the Manti Temple. 

To the Organist: 

Use fairly strong tone without 
tremolo. The tempo need be 
neither fast nor slow. It should 
be medium, steady, and con- 
trolled, not wandering or leisurely 
in style. Play legato throughout. 

The only sUght difficulty is in 
measures 11 and 12 where the 
tenor must be played in the right 

Observe the rests neatly. Sing- 
ers will observe these rests both 
by intuition and by the physical 
necessity of taking big breaths at 
these places. Imitate this style, 
for it is a good one. The organ 
will seem to "come to Ufe" by 
this very process of taking breath 
in these places. 

How loud should you play? 
Play loud enough to balance the 
tonal mass of the congregation. 
Neither the congregation nor the 
organ should be covered by the 
other. Let them both be heard. 
— Alexander Schreiner. 

i"Rise Up O Men of God"; Hymns— Church 
of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, No. 332. 

Helps for Preparation Meeting 

Where we serve in the Church 
probably doesn't matter, but how 
well we serve is most important. 

Some of us will be remembered 
for stake and ward leadership. 
Some of us wiU be remembered as 
ward, MIA, Relief Society, Sun- 
day School, or Primary teach- 
ers. Some are serving efficiently 
as missionaries, priesthood lead- 
ers, and scouters. We as Sunday 
School musicians have a wonder- 
ful opportunity to serve as chor- 
isters and organists. 

One of the finest helps we have 
for individual and Preparation 
Meeting study is the booklet. 
Worship in. Song. This manual was 
written especially for Sunday 
School musicians by Dr. Clair W. 
Johnson, professor of music at 
Weber State College (Ogden, 
Utah) and a member of the Des- 
eret Sunday School Union Gen- 
eral Board. It is divided into 
twelve chapters. One chapter is 
intended for study and discussion 
at each monthly Preparation 
Meeting. Nearly every question, 
every problem of playing or con- 
ducting is discussed in this one, 
neatly-bound book, which can be 
obtained from the Deseret Book 
Company, Salt Lake City, Utah, 
for only 75 cents. 

After the hymn of the month is 
studied, use this book for regular, 
progressive lessons. The material 
is fresh and informative. If every 
Sunday School chorister and or- 
ganist had this book and studied 
it;> Preparation Meeting would be 
more profitable. 

— Delmar H. Dickson. 

Library File Reference: Sunday Schools — Mor- 
mon — Music. 



Junior Sunday School Hymn for the Month of July 

Hymn: "The Handcart Song"; mu- 
sic arranged by Frederick Beesley; 
The Children Sing, No. 188. 

The wisdom of the Lord ap- 
pears to clearly show itself as 
people in certain countries at par- 
ticular times are chosen to do His 
work. As we look back upon his- 
torical events, we see the wisdom 
of our Saviour being bom in 
Bethlehem of Judea; of Moses 
leading the children of Israel out 
of Egypt to the Promised Land; 
of Christ appearing upon two 
continents; of the restoration of 
the Gospel in America; and of the 
people of Europe crossing the 
ocean in great numbers to come 
to the promised land of this era. 
They had prepared themselves so 
that many of them became our 
Mormon pioneers. Some were de- 
termined enough that they crossed 
the plains with handcarts as 
their only means of transporta- 

The message of "The Hand- 
cart Song" is a part of Church 
history, and children should be- 
come famihar with it. It should 
help them to understand that 
each person has an important 
work to do, regardless of where 
or when he lives. 

To the Chorister: 

Our modes of travel are dif- 
ferent from those used by the 
pioneers. It would be helpful to 
children if you showed them pic- 
tures of the ocean with ships 
comparable to those in which the 
pioneers traveled and of a pio- 
neer family with a handcart. 
This should help them better un- 
derstand the text. 

The rhythm of this song could 
cause children to sing boister- 
ously unless you guide them to 
sing reverently. 

Teach it by rote, phrasewise, 
unaccompanied. Be sure to 
enunciate clearly so children can 
sing with understanding when 
they repeat it. 

Use the interval beat pattern 
to help children see as well as 
hear the tune when they are 
learning the song. But when they 
can sing it without your help, 
change to the conventional beat 
pattern. See A Guide for Chor- 
isters and Organists in Junior 
Sunday School, pages 36, 37, for 
explanations of the above terms. 

The chorus is all some of the 
younger children will be able to 
sing. Let them be comfortable 
in doing what they can. Listen- 
ing to the more mature children 
is a wonderful experience for 

To the Organist: 

Play the song legato, about 
the same tempo as "Praise God 

from Whom all Blessings Flow." 
{The Children Sing, No. 24.) 

Observe the repeat sign before 
the chorus. The fermata should 
give you ample time to find the 
beginning notes again. 

There is a rhythm pattern of 
dotted eighth notes followed by 
a sixteenth note until you come 
to the next to last measure. Here 
you encounter triplets on the 
first beat, which calls for an ac- 
cent and three even notes. It is 
important to play this correctly 
because "merrily" is a key word 
in the message of the song. This 
change of rhythm makes it stand 

The observance of details in 
the accompaniment makes a 
competent accompanist of you 
so that children and chorister 
may put their trust in you; but 
most of all, develop confidence 
in yourself. — Mary W. Jensen. 

July Sacrament Gems 

Senior Sunday School 
" If ye do always remember 

Junior Sunday School 

_ ' " * , 11 , o • -J. i 1- Jesus said: "... My house is the 

me ye shall have my Spint to be , - 

with you."^ ^^"^ °^ P^^y^'^ • • • 

13 Nephi 18:7. 'Luke 19:46. 

Organ Music To Accompany July Sacrament Gems 

Robert Cundick 

MAY 1965 



by Joseph Fielding Smith, Jr. 

To THE Teacher: On the third quarter 1965 stake con- 
ference Sunday, this article should be used as a uniform 
lesson for Senior Sunday Schools. Teachers may adapt the 
material and give varying emphases as they see fit in order 
to meet the needs of their classes. 

Main Concept: Heavenly messengers visit men on 
earth today as prophesied by Biblical prophets. 

Commentary: Scriptures clearly testify of an apos- 
tasy from the truth and how long it would last. The 
12th and 13th chapters of the book of Revelation 
foretell that the priesthood would be taken away be- 
cause of the work of Satan and that the Church 
would cease to exist for a period of over twelve hun- 
dred years. 

Before the Gospel could be restored it was expe- 
dient that God should send heavenly messengers to 
chosen men on earth to announce His intentions and 
to make preparations for a "marvelous work and a 
wonder" to come forth. 

A strange notion has persisted through the cen- 
turies that the heavens are closed. Deprived of the 
spirit of discernment and the Gospel of Jesus Christ, 
it is no wonder that ministers of religious organiza- 
tions deny that angels appear in our day. Yet the 
Bible testifies of the appearances of heavenly mes- 
sengers in latter days — angels who were reserved for 
the dispensation of the fulness of times or the period 
of the restitution of all things. 

Anciently, heavenly messengers appeared to the 
prophets of the various dispensations. These 
prophets received counsel and direction from these 
witnesses of the Father. Religious teachers of our own 
time accept the appearances of angels prior to 
Christ's ascension as recorded in Biblical history. 

God is the same today, yesterday, and forever. 
We have every right to believe that God, in justice, 
will administer to people in our day by heavenly 
messengers, also. And so the scriptures testify. We 
are witnesses to the fulfillment of those promises. 
The Lord has told us through his prophet Isaiah that 
He knows the end from the beginning, and nothing 
shall be done in future unless we are first informed. 
{Isaiah 42:8, 9; 46:9, 10.) His word is fulfilled by 
the promise of revelation and the appearance of 

The restoration of the Gospel was effected by 
the visitation of heavenly messengers. John the 

(For Course 13, lesson of July 18, "Restoration of the Gospel"; 
of general use to support Family Home Evening lessons; and of 
general interest.) 

Revelator's words were fulfilled by the appearance 

of angels having the everlasting or full Gospel of 

Jesus Christ. 

And I saw another angel fly in the midst of 
heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto 
them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, 
and kindred, and tongue, and people, 

Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give 
glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: 
and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and 
the sea, and the fountains of waters. {Revelation 
14:6, 7.) 

Further evidence that heavenly messengers 
would appear after the day of Christ's ascension is 
shown by the following scripture: 

Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before 
the coming of the great and dreadful day of the 
Lord. {Malachi 4:5.) 

When would Elijah come? Before the judgments 
which precede Christ's second coming. 

From the Gospel of Matthew, we read: 

And he shall send his angels with a great sound 
of a trumpet, and they shall gather together his 
elect from the four winds, from the one end of heaven 
to the other. {Matthew 24:31.) 

This gathering of the elect commenced with the 
restoration of the Gospel. There is further promise 
that Christ Himself shall yet appear. Concerning 
His second coming Peter said: 

Repent ye therefore, and be convered, that your 
sins may be blotted out, when the times of refreshing 
shall come from the presence of the Lord; 

And he shall send Jesus Christ, which before was 
preached unto you: 

Whom the heaven must receive until the times 
of restitution of all things, which God hath spoken 
by the mouth of all his holy prophets since the 
world began. {Acts 3:19-21.) 

The heavens are never closed when righteousness 
reigns. Brigham Young said: 

"There is a difference of opinion as to getting the 
word of the Lord; but if you will read and cultivate 
the Spirit of God, you will understand how it is ob- 
tained. The Lord is not everywhere in person; but he 
has his agents speaking and acting for him. His an- 
gels, his messengers, his apostles, and servants are 
appointed and authorized to act in his name. . . ."^ 

Elder George Q. Cannon has said: 

"In the broadest sense, any being who acts as a 
messenger for our Heavenly Father is an angel, be he 

^Discourses of Brigham Young, 1961 edition, page 41. 



a God, a resurrected man, or the spirit of a just man; 
and the term is so used in all these senses in the an- 
cient scriptures. In the stricter and more limited 
sense, an angel is, as the Prophet Joseph states, a 
resurrected personage, having a body of flesh and 
bones. But it must be remembered that none of the 
angels who appeared to men before the death of the 
Saviour could be of that class, for none of them 
had been resurrected."^ 

^President George Q. Cannon, Juvenile Instructor, Vol. 26, pages 

Supplementary Reading: 

Discourses of Wilford Woodruff, compiled by G. Homer 
Duriiam; pages 40-44. 

J. Reuben Clark, Jr., On the Way to Immortality and 
Eternal Life, chapter 18. 

Joseph Fielding Smith, Teachings of the Prophet Joseph 
Smith, pages 101, 173; Church History and Modern Revela- 
tion, Vol. II, Lesson 98, and pages 228-229; Doctrines of 
Salvation, Vol. I, Chapter 11; The Restoration of All Things, 
page 27. 

Roy A. Welker, The Divine Church Restored, Vol. IV, 
pages 82-174. 

Library File Reference: Kestoration of the Gospel. 





by Edgar B. Brossard* 

Near Paris, our elders had been in the area about 
two months when they met a very prominent and 
dynamic woman, Madame Legay. It was in a big 
development (Beauregard Cite) with 15,000 new 
homes in apartment houses. There are a lot of 
young families around all large cities now in these 
new housing developments. 

There was a young Catholic family who had a 
5-month-old baby. The baby died. It had never 
been baptized into their church because the father 
was an officer in the French Army in Algeria and 
had not been home to take the baby and have him 
baptized. The priest had not been requested to 
come and baptize the baby; they were waiting for 
the father to come home. But the baby died. The 
family called the priest and asked him if he would 
come and take charge of the funeral services. The 
priest said he could not do so because the infant 
had not been baptized. According to Roman Cath- 
olic doctrine, the infant was condemned and could 
not be saved because he had not been baptized. 
This upset the family tremendously. 

They called on Madame Legay, head social 
worker of the whole group, and they asked her what 

(For Course 9, lesson of July 11, "A Leader Understands Bap- 
tism"; for Course 13, lessons of August 1 and 8, "How ttie Gospel 
Spreads"; for Course 17, lesson of July 25, "Questions on Baptism"; 
and of general interest.) 

*Edgar B. Brossard is a former member of the Deseret Sunday 
School Union General Board. He was released to serve as bishop of 
the 18th Ward, Ensign Stake (Salt Lake City). He has served as 
president of the New England Mission and the French Mission. He 
received his bachelor's degree from Utah State University and his 
master's and doctorate degrees from the University of Minnesota. 
He also did graduate work at Cornell University. He was granted 
an honorary LL.D. from Utah State University and the Abram O. 
Smoot honor award from Brigham Young University. Brother Bros- 
sard's wife, Laura Parkinson Cowley, is the sister of the late 
Matthew Cowley, of the Council of the Twelve, and Samuel Cowley 
of FBI fame. 

This article was excerpted from a talk given at Brigham Young 
University. Oct. 4, 1961, entitled, "French Mission Experiences." 

they were going to do. They had to have someone 
take charge of the service. Well, Madame Legay 
had been baptized into the Mormon Church two 
weeks before; and she said, ''Have the Mormon mis- 
sionaries been around to your home yet?" And the 
parents said that they had been there, they had 
listened to them and were very much interested in 
what they were teaching. Madame Legay said, 
"Would you like to have me call them and find out 
if they would conduct the service?" 

And they said, "Yes, very well." 
So Madame Legay called the missionaries. 
This was the first funeral service either mission- 
ary had ever held. The elders went home that night 
and studied the scriptures about infant baptism 
and the resurrection, and the next day they held a 
beautiful funeral service. They did the singing, 
praying, and the preaching; and they led the pro- 
cession to the cemetery and dedicated the grave. 

The doctrine of the Church about infant bap- 
tism and the resurrection that these elders explained 
to them opened a vision to those good people, the 
like of which they had never before heard. Their 
faces lighted up. The mother of that child began 
to smile when this doctrine was taught to her. It 
was something new — something vital — and wonder- 
ful to her. And as a result of that funeral, in three 
months there were 25 baptisms. The elders went 
back to the homes^ taught and converted families, 
grandparents, uncles, aunts, and cousins; and now 
we have acquired property there for a chapel site. 
In that area, on the western outskirts of Paris, we 
now have more than a hundred members. 

When we were talking about it in a baptismal 
service sometime later, after the second or third 
group had been baptized, one of those who had re- 
cently been baptized said in his testimony, "I do 
not know of a more wonderful work that an infant 
could have done in five months of life than this." 

Missionary work is going forward in a wonder- 
ful way. This is the true Church of Jesus Christ. 

Library File Reference: Missionaries — Mormon. 

MAY 1965 


Teach Tliera 
To Pray 

by May C. Hammond* 

I will praise Thee, O Lord, 
With my whole heart; 
r will shew for all 
Thy marvellous works. 
I will be glad and rejoice 
In thee: I will sing 
Praise to Thy name, 
thou most High. 

— Psalm 9:1, 2. 

We cannot read this beautiful psalm without 
a lifting up of the spirit in praise and thanksgiving 
to the Father— the "Most High." 

Is it possible to give children something of this 
lifting of the spirit in gladness as they talk to God 
in prayer? This question has often puzzled 
thoughtful parents and teachers of young children, 
who are sincere in their efforts to give children the 
right attitude toward prayer. 

Children ask a great many questions. Some are 
difficult to answer. They ask about birth and 
death; they ask about God and heaven. Since the 
beginning of time adults have been puzzled by these 
same questions and have been trying to find an- 
swers. There are still many unanswered questions. 
One thing is certain, we all need the help and guid- 
ance that can be had only through prayer. 

The answers we give children should, of course, 
be in terms they can understand. The answers must 
be related to their own actual experiences, to some- 
thing within their own personal knowledge. We 
teach them that God is our Heavenly Father, that 
we are His children, and that He hears us when we 
pray. Children need to be guided, one step at a 
time, to their knowledge of God. Sometimes we 
defeat our purpose by being too profound or by 

Photo by Sherman T. Martin. 

trying to give too much knowledge to young child- 

We should encourage a questioning attitude 
and treat with respect children's ideas. They will 
perhaps want to know if we have seen God. We 
explain that very few persons have seen Him. But 
He has revealed himself to prophets and leaders of 
His church, and we believe what they have told us. 

In a beautiful story, The Little Island,^ a fish 
is trying to explain to a little cat that the island is 
in reality a part of the mainland. Finally the fish 
tells the cat that, since he cannot go to the bottom 
of the sea to find out, he must take the answer on 

"What's that," said the cat, "faith"? • 

"To believe what I tell you about what you don't 
know," said the fish. 

There are some things that children, and adults 
as well, must accept on faith. 

Children gain faith in God as they get to know 
more about Him. If He is a Father, He will be in- 

(For Course 1, lessons of July, August, and September on prayer; 
for Course la, lessons of June and July on prayer; for Course 3, 
lesson of July 25, "We Are Commanded To Pray"; for general use 
of Course 25; for use in Family Home Evening lessons on prayer; 
and of general interest.) 

^Golden MacDonald, The Little Island; Doubleday & Co. Inc., 
Garden City. N.Y., 1946. 

*May C. Hammond is an assistant professor emeritus of educa- 
tion at Brigham Young University. She obtained her B.A. and M.A. 
from BYU and teaches children's literature there. 



terested in all they do; and they will have a right 
to ask Him for blessings. 

Children should be taught that we do not need 
to see God to know what He is like. He has filled 
the world with His wonders. We see the beauty of 
the sky above us with the sun by day and the moon 
and stars by night. "The Heavens declare the glory 
of God; and the firmament showeth his handi- 
work." (Psalms 19:1.) 

Trees and flowers and birds that sing speak to 
us of God. We can know him by the blessings He 
has given us, by "the wonders of His work." 

"AH I have seen," said Emerson, "teaches me to 
trust the Creator for all I have not seen." 

Young children ask God's blessings on those who 
are dear to them. Sometimes they make no distinc- 
tion in blessing things that are dear to them. "Bless 
my little painted chair" is typical of such com- 
ments and should be accepted in good faith from a 
3 -year-old. 

Timing is a very significant factor in teaching 
children to pray as it is in other phases of educa- 
tion. We teach what the child is ready and able to 

As children grow older, their prayers may ex- 
tend to take in people beyond the immediate fam- 

Bless other children far and near. 
Keep them safe and free from fear/ 

Here is a concept that goes beyond the egocen- 
tric prayer of the 3-year-old. Children should ask, 
in love and trust, for personal needs but should not 
expect God to answer their prayers at the expense 
of hurt or harm to someone else. They should 
learn to trust their Heavenly Father's wisdom in 
granting their requests. 

Children are sometimes filled with anxiety and 
guilt because of their prayers. The children in the 
story Wind Island^ were making an amber necklace 
for their mother's birthday. They needed an extra 
large piece of amber for the locket, so they prayed 
for a storm which would wash the needed amber 
ashore. A storm developed, a very great storm, and 
the children felt anxiety and guilt when they realized 
that their father and all the other men of the 
island were out with the fishing fleet. 

Miguel in the story, And Now Miguel,'' was dis- 
turbed in much the same way because he thought 
God had answered his prayers by having his beloved 
brother, Gabriel, drafted into the army. Miguel ar- 
rived at a more mature point of view concerning 
prayer and was finally able to say words which in 
effect meant, "Thy will be done." 

Children's prayers should be an individual effort 
and not a line-by-line following of an adult leader. 
Adults should talk to children about prayer. 
Mother or Father should give them a general pat- 
tern to follow, and perhaps let them tell what they 
wish to say in their prayers. They can understand 
how foolish it would be to expect God to answer 
two children's prayers, if one prayed for snow and 
another prayed for a sunny day. God listens to our 
prayers. He expects us to do all we can to help 
them come true, but we must trust His judgment as 
to what is best for us. 

There are many lovely poems and little prayers 
that may be read to promote a calm and reverent 
attitude and to create a mood for prayer. Five and 
6-year-olds are not too young to hear the psalms 
and songs of praise in their original Bible text. 

Jesus Himself gave us the perfect pattern for 
prayer when He said, "After this manner therefore 
pray ye" and gave to His followers The Lord's 

After this manner we should pray and teach our 
children to do so with sincerity and beauty and 

^Prayer jor a Child. 

«Hedvig Collin, Wind Island; Viking Press, New York, N.Y., 1945. 

*Joseph Krumgold, And Now Miguel; Thomas Y. Crowell Co- 
New York, N.Y. 

Suggested Reading 

Elizabeth C. Allstrom (editor), Songs Along the Way, 
illustrated by Mel Silverman; Abingdon Press, Nashville, 
Tennessee, 1960. 

Eleanor Far j eon. Prayer for Little Things, illustrated by 
Elizabeth Orton Jones; Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, 

Rachel Field, Prayer for a Child, illustrated by Elizabeth 
Orton Jones; MacMillan Company, New York, N.Y. 

Emil F. Johnson, Little Book of Prayers, illustrated by 
Maud and Miska Petersham; Viking Press, New York, 
N.Y., 1941. 

Jessie Orton Jones (editor). Small Rain: Selections 
from the Bible, illustrated by Elizabeth Orton Jones; Viking 
Press, New York, N.Y., 1943. 

Mary Alice Jones, Tell Me about God, illustrated by 
Pelagie Doane; Rand, McNalley & Company, Chicago, 111. 

Elfrida Vipont, Bless This Day, illustrated by Harold 
Jones; Harcourt Brace & World, Inc., New York, N.Y., 

Library File Reference: Prayer. 

MAY 1965 


The experiences of Alma and Amulek in the city of Ammoni- 
hah are among the greatest examples given in scripture of the 
power of God exercised through His priesthood. The story is 
one of the thrilling reading experiences I had as a young man 
when I first read the Book of Mormon. It Tnade a deep im- 
pression upon my mind regarding the effectiveness of the 
priesthood I held, if I would keep the commandments of God. 
The importance of the priesthood was stamped upon my soul. 


by Howard S. McDonuld* 

Three outstanding principles of the Gospel are 
taught to us about the Melchizedek Priesthood: 

1. It is a power for those who keep the command- 
ments of God. 

2. There is a proper time to exercise this power. 

3. In exercising the power of the priesthood, we 
grow in the knowledge of God and the great 
plan of salvation. 

1 . The Priesthood, A Great Power 

Alma, high priest over all the Church, had great 
faith. He labored much in the spirit, he wrestled with 
God in mighty prayer that he might bring to repent- 
ance those inhabitants who had strayed from the 
truth. However, he met tremendous opposition 
through the power of the destroyer, who hardened 
the hearts of the people. They reviled him and spit 
upon him, and they cast him out of the city of Am- 
monihah. As he left the city weighted down with 
sorrow, an angel of the Lord told him to return. The 
angel told Alma to rejoice, as he had been faithful to 
the commandments of God and that he should preach 
agiin to the city of Ammonihah and tell the people 
that if they did not repent the Lord would destroy 

Akna knew the Lord would be with him. He un- 
derstood the power of the priesthood he held. On his 
way back to the city which had rejected him, he met 
Amulek, whom an angel of the Lord had told to take 
Alma home and feed him, as he had been fasting for 
many days. Just how long Alma stayed in the home 
of Amulek we are not told, but he was there long 
enough to teach him the Gospel of Jesus Christ, to 
baptize him, and to take him along as a companion to 
preach to the people. 

In this period of time Amulek also came to real- 

(For Course 9, lesson of July 4, "A Leader Has Courage" ; for Course 
15, lesson of July 11, "Alma and Amulek" ; for Course 17, lesson of 
September 5, "Priesthcxjd — Divine Authority"; for Course 29, lesson of 
June 13, "Candidates for Godhood" ; to support Family Home Evening 
Lessons Nos. 13, 22, 39; and of general interest.) 

♦Howard S. McDonald is president of the Salt Lake Temple. He 
obtained his B.S. degree from Utah State University and his M.A. and 
E.D. from the University of California. He and his wife, Ella G., are 
parents of two children. 

ize the power of the priesthood they both held. He 
and Alma, with the same power that Peter and the 
apostles in Jerusalem had on the Day of Pentacost, 
preached repentance to the people of Ammonihah. 
They were filled with the Holy Ghost. The power of 
the priesthood they held was so great that they could 
not be confined in dungeons nor could they be put 
to death. 

In reading this thrilling story, we are impressed 
with the knowledge of the Gospel that Amulek ob- 
tained in such a short period of time. It can only be 
accounted for by the testimony he had received from 
the teachings of Alma and an angel of the Lord. His 
faithfulness to the commandments of God and the 
power of the priesthood he held gave him courage to 
stand before a rebellious people. 

2. Proper Time to Exercise Power of Priesthood 

In the early part of their missionary work when 
they were reviled and scorned and spit upon, Ahna 
and Amulek did not use the power of the priest- 
hood. Not until they were bound and cast into prison 
did they call upon the power they possessed. This 
was done that the Lord might show His power in 

The Lord finally permitted these great men to be 
bound with strong cords and taken before the chief 
judge of the land. While they were thus bound, the 
people took their followers and stoned them, cast 
women and children into the fire, and burned their 
records. Then they brought Abna and Amulek that 
they might witness the destruction of those who were 

When Amulek saw the pain of the women and 
children, he said to Alma: "... How can we witness 
this awful scene? Therefore let us stretch forth our 
hands, and exercise the power of God which is in us, 
and save them from the flames." (Alma 14:10.) 

But Alma, being a more seasoned holder of the 
priesthood and perhaps a little closer to the prompt- 
ings of the Spirit of God, said: 



. . . The Spirit constraineth me that I must not 
stretch forth mine hand; for behold the Lord receiv- 
eth them up unto Himself, in glory; and he doth suf- 
fer that they may do this thing, or that the people 
may do this thing unto them, according to the hard- 
ness of their hearts, that the judgments which he 
shall exercise upon them in his wrath may be just; 
and the blood of the innocent shall stand as a witness 
against them, yea, and cry mightily against them at 
the last day. {Alma 14:11.) 

At this point Amulek feared lest they themselves 
would be burned also, but Alma said: ". . . Be 
it according to the will of the Lord. But, behold, our 
work is not finished; therefore they bum us not." 
(Alma 14:13.) 

Again, when they were confined in prison for 
many days, the chief judge went before them and 
smote them, and said: "... If ye have the power of 
God deliver yourselves from these bands, and then 
we will believe that the Lord will destroy this people 
according to your words.*' It was at this time that 
Alma and Amulek were filled with the power of God; 
and they arose and stood on their feet, and 
Alma cried saying: 

. . . How long shall we suffer these great afflic- 
tions, O Lord? O Lord, give us strength according to 
our faith which is in Christ, even unto deliverance. 
And they broke the cords with which they were 
bound. . . . (See Alma 14:24-27.) 

The people fled in fear, and before they reached 
the doors the prison was torn in twain. This is a 
great lesson to us today to keep the com- 
mandments of God so that when we need to call upon 
the power of the priesthood we hold, we will not be 
found wanting. The Lord will sustain us when we do 
what He says: 

/, the Lord, am bound when ye do what I say; 
but when ye do not what I say, ye have no promise. 
(Doctrine and Covenants 82:10.) 

3. We Grow in Knowledge 

No people on the face of this earth are privileged 
like the men of The Church of Jesus Christ of Lat- 
ter-day Saints, who hold the priesthood of God. Far 
too many men take the assignment and gift lightly. 

All through our Uves we take upon ourselves cov- 
enants. At baptism we covenant with the Lord that 

we will from that day forward be responsible for 
what we do and say. 

At confirmation we covenant that we will keep 
our bodies clean, virtuous, and wholesome, our 
thoughts clean and our speech becoming a child of 
God, that we might be worthy of the companionship 
of the Holy Ghost. At ordination we covenant that 
we will be active in our quorums and fulfill the as- 
signments which are given us. Each Sunday as we 
partake of the sacrament we covenant with our 
Heavenly Father that we are willing to take upon 
ourselves the name of Jesus Christ, and always re- 
member Him and keep His commandments. 

Those who hold the Melchizedek Priesthood 
should live lives such that they are worthy to go to 
the temples of God and there receive their own en- 
dowments. These endowments are gifts from God, 
they are priceless. These endowments enable us to 
have the power and ability to attain the fullest life 
here and eternal life in the Celestial Kingdom 
of God. 

President David 0. McKay, in an address Sept. 
25, 1941, said that the endowment ceremony and the 
teachings of the temple are "the truest philosophy 
of life ever given to man." 

The endowment received in the temple pertains 
to the higher order of the priesthood. These are three 
great principles underlying the Gospel ordinances: 

1. God is no respecter of persons. (Acts 10: 

2. A man will be saved only so fast as he 
gains knowledge of the laws of God. 

3. Salvation is obtained by obedience to 
laws upon which these blessings are predi- 

I plead with every boy and girl to seek and live 
for these higher blessings which God has in store for 
the faithful; that we might have more power from on 
high, that we might have more guidance from on 
high, and more protection. The Prophet Joseph 
Smith said that the endowment is highly spiritual 
and understood only by the spiritually minded and 
in the temples of our God. 

Library File Reference: Priesthood. 

MAY 1965 



by Fred W. Schwendiman* 

Jesus said, "Blessed are they which do hunger and 
thirst after righteousness: for they shall be filled." 
{Matthew 5:6.) 

Jesus was 30 years old and had just gone from 
His home in Nazareth to the Jordan River 
where John the Baptist was preaching and baptizing. 
Jesus asked John to baptize Him, and they went 
into the water. After Jesus was baptized, He was led 
by the spirit of God into the wilderness. 

Jesus knew the great work God expected Him to 
do. He spent 40 days thinking about it and fasting 
and praying in the wilderness. During this time the 
tempter came to Him. Satan knew Jesus was weak 
and hungry and said to Him, "If thou be the Son of 
God, command that these stones be made bread." 

Although Jesus was very hungry. He refused. He 
would not satisfy His own hunger for bread in that 
manner. He knew His Heavenly Father would pro- 
vide His needs. To the tempter He said, "It is writ- 
ten, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every 
word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God." 

After two other temptations the tempter went 
away because he found Jesus would not weaken. 
And, angels came from heaven to care for Jesus' 
needs. He had won a great victory over the devil. 
Now He was ready to do his Father's work. 

You see, even Jesus did hunger and thirst after 
righteousness. It was more important to him than 
physical food or drink. We should do as Jesus did 
if we want success and blessings and happiness. 

Now I will tell you about one of the missionaries 
out in the world. 

This young man was past 20 years of age and had 
been a member of the Church only two years when 
he arrived as a new missionary in the New Zealand 
South Mission while I was mission president. 

His home was in a country several thousand miles 
from Salt Lake City. His father and mother were not 
members of the Church. He had been converted by 

(For Course 5, lesson of July 11, "Missionaries Are Blessed"; for 
Course 9, lesson of July 18, "A Leader Is Faithful"; for Course 11, 
lesson of August 1, "Present Missionary System"; for Course 13, 
lesson of August 1, "How the Gospel Spreads"; to support Family 
Home Evening lessons Nos. 15, 18; and of general interest.) 

*Fred W. Schwendiman, president of the Utah Printing Company 
in Salt Lake City, and a member of the Deseret Sunday School Union 
General Board, was recently released as president of the New Zealand 
South Mission. Both he and his wife had previously served as mis- 
sionaries in New Zealand. He has also served as a bishop for 11 
years, as a stake president for 10 years, Chairman of Pioneer Welfare 
Region, temple ordinance worker and in other Church positions. His 
wife is the former Lillian Austin. They are the parents of three 
sons and one daughter and have 17 grandchildren and 2 great-grand- 

two missionaries sent out by the leaders of the Church 
to his home country. He was not a user of tobacco 
nor liquor during his life even though most of the 
young people of his country did use them. He said 
he always seemed to feel they were not good for the 
physical body and the spirit of man. His testimony 
was strong. He said he knew the Gospel was true as 
soon as the missionaries had given him their testi- 
mony and explained the restoration of the Gospel. 

When he learned of the Aaronic Priesthood quo- 
rums and classes, and of the Sunday School classes 
with their courses of study of the Gospel, he felt en- 
vious of all the young boys and girls of the Church 
who had had the benefit of this tremendous training. 

But, this did not discourage him. He made up 
his mind positively to study, pray, and work for 
greater truth and knowledge, and to know how best 
to be of service. 

Here was a young man actually hungry and 
thirsty for righteousness. It was as clearly evident 
as one could ever observe hunger and thirst for food 
and drink in another person. And, he was "filled" — 
not only with increased spiritual power and knowl- 
edge to become one of the finest and most successful 
missionaries in the mission, but he was blessed as well 
in all his temporal needs. 

Because he believed the Lord always keeps his 
promises; and because he studied, prayed, and 
worked, he soon acquired a knowledge of the Gospel 
and the scriptures. He could present the Gospel with 
a smiling countenance and a spiritual impact. 

Following are some quoted excerpts from letters: 

The last week has really been a joy in my life. 
Four wonderful people have entered into the cove- 
nant of baptism. To watch them grow from a tiny 
spark to a flame of testimony has been one of the 
choicest blessings of my life. . . . 

This week of missionary work has been a week I 
will never forget. It began with desire — desire to 
teach and of the investigators to hear and learn; ef- 
fort — effort that my companion and I could be able 
to teach; and results — results of testimonies gained 
and baptisms performed. . . . 

Today we baptized a fine, intelligent young man 
who has a lot of friends. Yesterday his parents (who 
were at first opposed to his learning about the 
Church) said they would attend the baptismal ser- 
vice. They came with his grandmother and aunt. All 
of them are nonmembers. In fact, they know very 
little about the Church. The spirit was in full abun- 
dance at the service and his parents and relatives 
were really touched. They had tears of happiness in 
their eyes when he was baptized. We know now they 
also want to learn about the Church. This is truly 
the work of our Father in heaven. 

"Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst 
after righteousness, for they shall be filled." 

Library File Reference: Missionaries — Mormon. 






by Ila May Fisher Maughan 

Adam was commanded to keep a record of his 
posterity; and he obeyed, as did his children after 
him. (See Moses 6:5, 46.) From their records pre- 
served for us we may trace the generations from 
Adam through the second and third dispensations 
of Enoch and Noah to Shem and on to Abraham. 
{Moses 6:10-25; Genesis 11:10-27.) 

We are told by Abraham that the records of his 
fathers were in his own hands, and that he would 
endeavor to write for the benefit of his posterity. 
(Abraham 1:28, 31.) This he did; as did his chil- 
dren after him. Thus we may read of the many gen- 
erations from Abraham to Jesus the Christ. 
(Matthew 1:1-16; Luke 3:23-28.) 

We, too, in this last dispensation are again com- 
manded not only to keep a record of ourselves and 
our posterity but also to search out and record the 
identity of our kindred dead. We are further com- 
manded to seal together our chain of descent. 

The Prophet Joseph Smith, preaching to the 
Saints in Nauvoo on Mar. 10, 1844, said: "In the 
days of Noah, God destroyed the world by a flood; 
and He has promised to destroy it by fire in the last 
days: But before it should take place, EUjah should 
first come and turn the hearts of the fathers to the 
children, etc." 

The Saints of Nauvoo willingly stood on the 
damp ground in that cold March air to hear their 
prophet. There was no building large enough to 
hold the crowd when he spoke. 

He continued: "Now comes the point. What is 
the office and work of Elijah? It is one of the 
greatest and most important subjects that God has 
revealed. He should send Elijah to seal the children 
to the fathers, and the fathers to the children . . . 
without us, they could not be made perfect, nor we 
without them. ..." 

"I wish you to understand this subject," the 
prophet said, "for it is important; and if you will 

It was the twelfth letter to the same family that finally 

brought the necessary data to complete a gap in one family 

line that had begun to seem utterly hopeless. 

receive it, this is the spirit of EUjah, that we re- 
deem our dead, and connect ourselves with our 
fathers. . . ."^ 

This can be done. We sing: "Fear not, I am vsdth 
thee, be not dismayed, for I am thy God and will 
still give thee aid."^ 

With such aid available, I determined to make 
a record of the descendants of my great-grandpar- 
ents. They are long since dead, as are all of their 
children and practically all of their children's chil- 

The project would never become easier, and no 
such complete record existed. One should be made. 

When my decision to do so was expressed, a rel- 
ative exclaimed, "Why, the very idea is preposter- 
ous! You do not realize what you would be 

A friend said, "Most of that posterity is none of 
your business. You are only entitled to follow your 
own parent's progenitors." 

Yes, of course, as far as temple ordinance work 
is concerned, but for the record? I was troubled. A 
line from a hymn kept haunting me — "And save 
ourselves with all our dead."^ 

How could it be wrong to make a record of the 
posterity of one's great-grandparents? I inquired 
of a genealogical supervisor who said with a wry 
smile, "Well, you could try." 

I did. 

We had no overall family organization of the 
James McDonald — Sarah Ferguson clan of Ireland 
and Scotland, so the first problem was how best to 
proceed. A complete record of the posterity of their 
son, my grandfather, I had compiled over a period 
of past years. With concentrated effort, a like 
record could be made of the descendants of 
Grandpa's brothers and sisters. If collected and ar- 
ranged in correct order of relationship, such a 
record would be of infinite value to future genera- 

Many records of Scotland have been microfilmed 
and are available, but when the Southern Rebels 
bombed and burned the National Archives of Ireland 
during the Civil War in 1922, almost all documents 
relating to Ulster Province in ancient times were lost 

(Concluded on page 209.) 

(For Course 21, lessons of July; and of general interest.) 
* Sister Ila May Fisher Maughian received her B.A. and M.A. 
degrees from the University of Utah. She taught seminary in Salt 
Lake City for seven years. She has held various positions in Church 
auxiliaries. She is a widow, a mother of four children, and a 
grandmother of 11. 

WocuTnentary History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day 
Saints, Vol. 6; Deseret News, Salt Lake City, Utah, 1950, pages 251, 

2"How Firm a Foundation," Hymns — Church of Jesus Christ of 
Latter-day Saints, No. 66. 

3"High on the Mountain Top," Hymns, No. 62. 

MAY 1965 


Coramiiiilcating; With 
Our Heavenly FATHER 

by Ross E. Butler* 

During each of our lives there are certain words 
that are commonly used which on occasion seem to 
assume new significance. In my life one of these 
words is "communication." 

As a business executive in an organization that 
began with only three persons in 1946 and has three 
thousand employees in 1965, 1 have come to appreci- 
ate the importance of immediate and proper com- 
munication between all segments of the operation. 

While attending Leadership Week at Brigham 
Young University in June, 1958, in Dr. Floyd Ander- 
son's class on husband and wife relations, the word 
"communication" took on new significance to me. 
It was then I reaUzed how lack of communication 
brings about misunderstanding, often leading to un- 
happiness, sometimes to the extent of divorce and 
ruined lives. Conversely, proper communication 
brings understanding and the joy and happiness our 
Heavenly Father intended for us. 

As important as communication is between hus- 
band and wife, who should be as one, or between 
parents and children, one can quickly see that proper 
communication with our Heavenly Father is even 
more important. We have the priceless knowledge 
that Heavenly Father is the true Father of our spir- 
its, that He permitted us to come to earth to receive 
bodies to prepare us for immortality and eternal life. 

Here we are given our free agency; but in this 
plan of salvation our Heavenly Father has provided 
us with scriptures as given to former prophets, with 
living prophets to guide us in this day, and with the 
gift of the Holy Ghost as a personal witness. 

Our Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ, laid down 
His life that we might live again. He became the 
mediator whereby we might commune with our 
Heavenly Father. Even as Jesus taught His apostles 
to pray, we as parents are charged with the responsi- 
bility of teaching our children to pray. To do this 
we must first teach them true spiritual concepts nec- 

(For Course 3, lesson of July 25, "We Are Commanded to Pray"; 
for Course 25, lesson of July 4, "Refreshments through Prayer"; and 
for general use in Family Home Evenings.) 

*Ross E. Butler has served as a bishop and is now in the Nyssa 
(Oregon) Stake presidency. He is corporate secretary of Ore-Ida 
Foods, Inc., vice president of the Ore-Ida Council of Boy Scouts of 
America, and holder of a Silver Beaver award. His wife is the 
former Margie D. Werry. They are parents of four sons and five 

essary for proper communication with our Father in 

How blessed are we to have the privilege and re- 
sponsibility of instilling within the hearts and minds 
of these precious spirits, loaned to us for a season, 
true concepts of our Heavenly Father! Our children, 
so recently come from the presence of our Father, 
often understand more readily than we reaHze their 
true relationship to the Father. They can early be 
taught to love the Lord and gain a basic understand- 
ing of the plan of salvation. Knowing of His love for 
them, it becomes easy for them to pray. 

The Saviour was implicit in His instructions to 
the Prophet Joseph Smith when he said, 

And again, inasmuch as parents have children in 
Zion, or in any of her stakes which are organ- 
ized, that teach them not to understand the doctrine 
of repentance, faith in Christ the Son of the living 
God, and of baptism and the gift of the Holy Ghost 
by the laying on of the hands, when eight years old, 
the sin be upon the heads of the parents. 

And they shall also teach their children to pray, 
and to walk uprightly before the Lord. (Doctrine 
and Covenants 68:25, 28.) 

It was my blessing to come from a home where 
Gospel principles were lived and taught by loving 
parents. This inspired me to incorporate the same 
into my life. I married a lovely wife, and nine won- 
derful children have blessed our home. My children 
early were taught true concepts of the Godhead 
and realize that each of us is a child of God and able 
to commune with Him, even as a parent and child 
should commune. 

To this realization it is relatively simple to add 
the proper language of prayer. First is the approach, 
"Our Father which art in heaven. Hallowed be thy 
name," learning to venerate our Father's name. Next 
is the expression of gratitude for blessings we daily 
receive. Then there is opportunity to talk over 
problems and seek His aid. All this is to be done in 
humility, and in the name of His only begotten son, 
Jesus Christ. 

When trite expressions are used or thoughtless 
grammatical mistakes are made, we talk these things 
over in our family home evenings to help us over- 
come them. Our prayers should always come from 



the heart and never by repetitious memorization. 

When my oldest sons became priests, and admin- 
istered the sacrament, they felt keenly that even 
though this is a set prayer, they were to say it hum- 
bly, with proper expression and feeling, so all could 
hear. This prayer would then mean more to them- 
selves and all who should participate. 

How grateful I am for renewed emphasis on the 
family home evening and the inspired lessons in the 
Family Home Evening Manual! This can be one 
of the choice ways in which we as parents may teach 
our children the language and blessings of prayer. 

Library File Reference: Prarer. 

IT CAN BE DONE (Concluded from page 207.) 

in the fire.* By government act in 1924, a new PubHc 
Records Office was set up in Dublin, but the year 
previous the Northern government of Ireland had set 
up its own Public Records Office in Belfast. The 
great work of rebuilding the Archives has progressed 
continuously with considerable success. 

With some financial aid from a few members of 
the clan, I had previously had research done in Ire- 
land that miraculously jdelded four generations of 
the progenitors of these great-grandparents. Our 
rare find of Irish genealogical data applied equally 
to all of the great-grandparents' posterity, and many 
were eager to receive the record. But how best to 
distribute it? 

The question was more easily asked than an- 
swered. It must needs be published by subscription, 
but where were the people who should subscribe? 
Who were the more than 5,000 descendants of these 
great-grandparents? Where were they? 

It was clearly evident that the procedure must 
be that of moving from the known to the unknown. 
It must be done by compiling family group sheets 
of the nine lines of posterity. Of course, it would be 
difficult, but, "nothing ventured, nothing gained." 

Have you ever tried collecting family group 
sheets? Then you know that more than good in- 
tentions are necessary. You also know that a per- 
centage of family members do not have even good 
intentions toward genealogical work. 

Not withstanding, a complete record of existing 
generations can be achieved; and generally a com- 
plete record is accomplished as far as one's great- 

*Irish and Scot-Irish Ancestral Research by Margaret Dickson 
Falley, published in two volumes, 1962. Genealogical Library call 
number "Ireland 95." 

grandparents when dedicated perseverance is 
exercised for sufficiently long with tact. 

It was the twelfth letter to the same family that 
finally brought the necessary data to complete a 
gap in one family line that had begun to seem ut- 
terly hopeless. In every family there are kindred 
spirits who will gladly go the second mile to help 
fill in for negligent ones. 

Sometimes it is necessary to resort to Church 
records or to the bureau of vital statistics. Some- 
times a mere name or date pursued diligently will 
expand into a full record. Sometimes when every 
stone that seems humanly possible has been turned 
to no avail, it is necessary to resort to faith 
and prayer until new inspiration comes. 

There is profound satisfaction to be found in a 
graphic portrayal of family relationships. If we 
would achieve celestial glory, we must obey the 
conamandment of our dispensation and compile our 
family records. So doing we exercise "saviorhood." 
Where could be found a more productive field for 
development of Christlike qualities than that of gene- 
alogical and temple work? Order and system, 
patience and perseverance, tact and charity — these 
are virtues they develop. These are stepping stones 
to eternal life. 

Editor's Note: In connection with the article, "Value of 
Old County Maps," printed in the January issue of The 
Instructor, page 12, the "Note to the Reader" should state: 
Old county maps are available for reference use only at the 
Library of Congress, Map Division, Washington, D.C. Orig- 
inal maps are not available for purchase. The author had 
photo copies made. 

To obtain a copy of a map from this source, it is neces- 
sary to go in person, pick out the map or maps desired, and 
pay a fee for photo copies. Requests are not handled by 

Library File Reference: Genealogy. 

MAY 1965 


Titles and Dates of Sunday School Lessons by Courses 

3rd Quarter, 1965 


Course No. 1: 

A Gospel 

of Lev* 

Course No. la: 

Beginnings of 

Religious Praise 

Course No. 3: 

Growing in 

the Gospel, 

Part II 

Course No. 5: 

Living Our 
Religion, Part II 

Course No. 7: 

History of the 

Church for 


Course No. 9: 

Scripture Lessens 

in Leadership 

Course No. 11: 

History of the 

Restored Church 



Advanced Nursery 


5, 6 

7. 8 

9, 10 

11, 12 

13, 14 

Date of Leuon 

Rest Helps Us 
To Grow 


We Pray 
at Home 


Is a Law 


Indians Are 

Waiting for the 




Pioneers upon 

the Great Plains 


A Leader 

Has Courage 


Struggling To 

Keep AJive 


JULY 11 

Work and Play 

Help Make Us 

Strong (28) 

We Pray 

at Church 


Speak the 


Are Blessed 




A Leader 




The Railroad 

to the Rockies 


JULY 18 

1 Put Things 

Where They 

Belong at 

Home (29) 



Is a Law 


The Gift of 
the Holy Ghost 


This Is 
the Place 


A Leader 

Is Faithful 






JULY 25 

1 Can Ask the 

Blessing on 
the Food (30) 

A Long 


We Are 


To Pray 


Our Church 




Activities in 
the New Zion 


A Leader 


His Parents 



Emigrating Fund 




1 Get Ready for 
Sunday School 






We Are 


To Be Reverent 


Heavenly Father 


Jesus Christ 


Ask, and It 

Shall Be 
Given You 


A Leader 

Against Evil 






1 Think of 




We Keep the 

Sabbath Day 



A Merciful Person 
Is Willing 
To Forgive 


The Fight 


A Leader 

Has Righteous 






1 Put Things 
Where They Be- 
long at Sunday 

School (33) 

A Beautiful 

The Word 
of Wisdom 


The Pure in 

Are Honest 




and Stagecoach 

Days (31) 





We Talk to 




Pres. David 0. 


We Pay 


Out of the 

Abundance of 

the Heart 


Buildings on 


A Leader 





We Pray 





When We 
We Obey 


in Heart 



Friend and 



A Leader 

Is on 

the Lord's Side 


A Visit 


Temple Square 



We Pray with 

Other People 


Noah and 

the Great 




Am 1 

My Brother's 



An Army 


the Mormons 


A Leader 

Seeks the 

Kingdom of God 







We Pray at 

Sunday School 


David, the 




When We 




Pioneer Life 

in Utah 


A Leader 


Good Fruits 


Early Drama 
in the 



We Are Kind to 

Each Other at 

Home (38) 

David Becomes 

a Great 





Great Men 



What It Means 

To Be a 



A Leader 
Perseveres in 
Doing Right 


The Story 




We Are Learning 

To Be a Kind 

Brother or 

Sister- (39) 

Baby Moses 




The First 


Peace Is a 


The Pioneers 
in Your 


A Leader 


His Parents 


Importance of 


to Pioneers 


Numbers in parentheses are manual lesson numbers. 



Titles and Dates of Sunday School Lessons by Courses 

3rd Quarter, 1965 

Course No. 13: 
Principles of the 
Restored Church 
at Work 

Course No. 15: 

Life in 
Ancient America 

Course No. 17: 

An Introduction 

to the Gospel 

Course No. 21: 


Research— A 

Practical Mission^ 

Course No. 23: 


Course No 
and Child 


Course No. 27: 

Patriarchs of the 

Old Testament 

Course No. 29: 
A Marvelous Work 
and a Wonder 

15, 16 

17, 18 

19, 20, 21, 22 

Training— Adults 



Gospel Doctrine 

Gospel Essentials- 

The Kingdom 





Mission of 





Records of 


and Wales 


The Church 

and Amuiek 



Records of 


and Wo+es 

(Continued) (24) 


of the 




to the 







The Gospel 


to the 






Records of 

and Ireland 



the Gospel 




the Gospel 


(Continued) (30) 








Temple Work 


Temples and 

Temple Work 






the Goal of 






of Sins 








Gift of 


Holy Ghost 



Ancestral Research 



Corianton ^ 




















and Religious 



Library and 

Its Use 


The Church- 
Its Nature 
and Place 









and Functions 



the Church 






Records in 

Historical, Public 

and LDS 

Libraries (32) 




























and Life 



and Life 







and Mental 






About Food 


Naming and 































To Moses 




Latter Days 


True Church, 

A Missionary 



A Voice 





Road to 

Salvation and 








Sons and 


of God 




Man Here? 


Marriage and 





Where Is 



Helps to 

Safety and 





the Church 




to the Course 











Numbers in parentheses are lesson numbers. 
^Lessons have been scheduled from the manual and supplement published in 1962. 

MAY 1965 



ENOCH (Apostasy necessitates Enoch's call to 
repentance. ) 

Moses 5:13, 18-55; 6:15; 26-50 

j^Qyy 1^ C Wicked destroyed by the flood) 

Moses 8:13-30 
Genesis 6, 7, 8 

Library File Reference: Bible^Old Testament — Chronolosry. 


'^•#: 1/^^ 


(God gives Israel the Law) 

Exodus 19, 20, 21-40 


(in Egyptian slavery) 

Genesis 46:8-21 
Exodus 1:1-14 


(at Solomon* s death) 

I KingsU-AS; 12:1-20 




(leads Israel into Promised Land) 

Joshua 1-6 

Ml J^J I I 

(Samuel anoints Saul and rule of kings ^ ""^ Q pi fjm 
replaces Judges. Israel united.) "^^'JitA * 

I Samuel 8:1-22; 10:1 




(lOV^ tribes) 

a 1 1 


(\¥i tribes) 

n\J'']i/ J7\i I If /7\V /■ rl 'fBi=\ -t 


(taken captive by Assyria — "Lost Ten 

II Kings 11:6-23 

JUDAH ~"~^^^:i^.^-c.:Jii., 

(return from captivity) 

Ezra 1 and 2 



JUDAH (taken captive by Babylon about 120 years f/ ^fi^ 24^^ S^SVlf 
later. LehVs family and Mulek's group jj chrtnicles 36:17-20 
leave Jerusalem for America.) j Nephil:i; heading to 3 Nephi 

Omni 15; Helaman 6:10; 8:21 

MAY 1965 

Courtesy LDS Department of Education 
(additions by Instructor staff.) 

Seoond Class Postage Paid 
at Salt Lake City, Utah 

Invitation to Greatness 

Moses the Shepherd: His call was made impressive. 

An old friend phoned me yester- 
day. He seemed unhappy. "Are 
you a member of that organiza- 
tion?" he began. 

Then he explained that he was 
caUing because his superior, one of 
our community leaders, was per- 
turbed. "They asked my chief to 
be a member of your committee," 
he complained. "He told them he 
could not serve because of other 

My friend's voice began to heat 
up. "They would not take 
'No'," he said. They told him 
there would be nothing to do. All 
they wanted was his name, for 

My friend continued: "He ac- 
cepted. Then came one thing af- 
ter another. A few weeks later 
they gave him a 'little assignment.' 
It turned out to be a full-scale un- 
dertaking, a real project. Now, a 
representative of your organiza- 
tion has called on my chief. The 
caller advised him that as a mem- 
ber of the committee, it would be 
appreciated if he would contribute 
a hundred dollars to the cause." 

"The boss is really riled," my 
friend said bitterly. "Do you 
blame him?" 

How could he be blamed? 

He had been caught, as have 
many of us, by the undertow of 
what had been presented as an easy 
assignment. The pattern generally 
is the same (and too often occurs 
in the Church) : 

(For Course 7, lesson of Jiine 27, "President 
Young Guides the Pioneers Westward"; for 
Course 9, lesson of June 27, "A Leader 
Serves"; for Course 11, lesson of June 6, "A 
Test of Loyalty"; for Course 13, lessons of 
June 6-20, "Service"; for Course 15, lesson 
of July 4, "Alma's Mission of Love"; for 
Course 17, lesson of June 27, "Our Accept- 
ance of Jesus Christ"; of general use to 
Course 27. To support Family Home Evening 
lessons Nos. 13, 19. 20.) 

A well-meaning leader ap- 
proaches his prospect: "This posi- 
tion will not take much of your 
time. Won't you come with us? It 
wiU really be easy." 

The acceptance extracted, Httle 
more is said. The leader seems 
eager to get away before his new 
enhstee changes his mind. 

Then in the weeks that follow 
demands are heaped on: extra 
meetings to attend, special assign- 
ments, additional reports, and last- 
minute calls. 

When a fugitive shepherd in the 
Land of Midian was given an 
assignment by the Lord, he was 
not told it would be easy. Rather, 
he was warned of difficulties. After 
Moses, the shepherd, had been 
asked to lead Israel from Egypt's 
bondage, the Lord said: "And I am 
sure that the king of Egypt will 
not let you go, no, not by a mighty 

But then the Lord assured 
Moses of His support in this chal- 
lenging assignment. "And I will 
stretch out my hand, and smite 
Egypt with all my wonders . . . and 
after that he will let you go."^ 

More than that, the Lord placed 
great importance on the call itself 
to Moses at Horeb. Even before 
Moses was given his command, he 
beheld a burning bush that was not 
consumed. Then the Lord said: 
"... Put off thy shoes from off thy 
feet, for the place whereon thou 
standest is holy ground."* 

Moses was told, too, of the mag- 
nificence of his mission. His fellow 
IsraeUtes would be led from op- 
pression into a large, smiUng land 

'^Exodus 3:19. 
^Exodus 3:20. 
^Exodus 3:5. 

"flowing with milk and honey." 
Moses heard also that his challenge 
would be exciting. The Lord spoke 
to him beside Sinai, and said: 
"... When thou hast brought forth 
the people out of Egypt, ye shall 
serve God upon this mountain."^ 

Moses responded, although he 
felt inadequate. And in the fulfill- 
ment of his mission, a fugi- 
tive shepherd became one of 
history's mightiest leaders. 

"We ask only busy people to fill 
positions like this, because we know 
that busy people are able people," 
I heard an effective leader say in 
extending a caU recently. 

Is it not true that people prefer 
a challenge, given in a setting of 
dignity, to a casual call honeyed 
with assurances of ease? 

When Winston Churchill became 
Britain's prime minister during his 
country's darkest hour, he did not 
soothe his people with sweet ca- 
dences. Rather, he appealed to his 
countrymen's pride and honor. He 
called for "blood, toil, tears and 
sweat. "^ And when they and he 
had fulfilled the assignment, men 
around the world hailed him as the 
greatest Englishman since Shake- 

He had made his call Uke the 
Lord's to Moses at Horeb, an invi- 
tation to greatness. 

— Wendell J. Ashton. 

^Exodus 3:12. 

SA speech he delivered to the House of 
Commons, May 13, 1940. 
Library File Reference: Service.